verb (used with object), stat·ed, stat·ing.
Origin of state
The e in estat is called a prothetic e ( prothetikós means “prefixed” in Greek). The prothetic e appears in the Romance languages of France (French, Provençal), and the Iberian Peninsula (Castilian, Portuguese, Catalan), and in Logudorese (the most conservative dialect of the Sardinian language). For example, Latin schola “school” appears as école in French (from earlier escole ), escòla in Provençal, escuela in Castilian, escola in Portuguese and Catalan, and iscola in Logudorese. The prothetic e was never common in Italy except to avoid ungainly consonant clusters; thus Italian la scuola “the school” becomes per iscuola “for school.” Prothesis persists in modern Spanish, Portuguese, and Catalan: “station” is estación, estação, and estació, respectively, but it is no longer productive in French (“station” is station ) or Italian ( stazione ). Prothesis has never been common in Romanian (“school” is şcoală ).
Examples from the Web for states
The same Pediatrics journal notes that 17 states have some form of exception to the standard parental consent requirement.
But consider how citizens here in the States are now being arrested for posting threatening messages aimed at police on Facebook.Politicians Only Love Journalists When They're Dead|Luke O’Neil|January 8, 2015|DAILY BEAST
Even though clerks in Virginia, Colorado, Utah, and other states have been doing exactly that.The Back Alley, Low Blow-Ridden Fight to Stop Gay Marriage in Florida Is Finally Over|Jay Michaelson|January 5, 2015|DAILY BEAST
San Francisco was the first city to pass one in 2006; since then, 14 other cities and three states have followed suit.
States were encouraged and allowed to lower standards to make it appear they were improving.The ‘No Child’ Rewrite Threatens Your Kids’ Future|Jonah Edelman|January 3, 2015|DAILY BEAST
Seven States which passed ordinances of secession have been fully restored to their places in the Union.A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents: Ulysses S. Grant|James D. Richardson
This was what made all the governments of Europe banish them from their states.Auricular Confession and Popish Nunneries|William Hogan
The states generally have either enacted new food laws, or revised their laws following the national law.Foods and Household Management|Helen Kinne
A protest made by the latter led to a war between the two states in which Athens was worsted.Authors of Greece|T. W. Lumb
From that time on Austria, composed of three states in one, started on its career of a world power.Bohemia under Hapsburg Misrule|Various
British Dictionary definitions for states (1 of 2)
British Dictionary definitions for states (2 of 2)
verb (tr; may take a clause as object)
Word Origin for state
Word Origin and History for states (1 of 3)
early 13c., "circumstances, temporary attributes of a person or thing, conditions," from Latin status "manner of standing, position, condition," noun of action from past participle stem of stare "to stand" from PIE root *sta- "to stand" (see stet). Some Middle English senses are via Old French estat (French état; see estate).
The Latin word was adopted into other modern Germanic languages (e.g. German, Dutch staat) but chiefly in the political senses only. Meaning "physical condition as regards form or structure" is attested from late 13c. Meaning "mental or emotional condition" is attested from 1530s (phrase state of mind first attested 1749); colloquial sense of "agitated or perturbed state" is from 1837.
He [the President] shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient. [U.S. Constitution, Article II, Section iii]
Word Origin and History for states (1 of 3)
1590s, "to set in a position," from state (n.1); the sense of "declare in words" is first attested 1640s, from the notion of "placing" something on the record. Related: Stated; stating.
Word Origin and History for states (2 of 3)
"political organization of a country, supreme civil power, government," 1530s, from state (n.1); this sense grew out of the meaning "condition of a country" with regard to government, prosperity, etc. (late 13c.), from Latin phrases such as status rei publicæ "condition of the republic." Often in phrase church and state, which is attested from 1580s.
The sense of "semi-independent political entity under a federal authority" (as in the United States of America) is from 1856; the British North American colonies occasionally were called states as far back as 1630s. The states has been short for "the United States of America" since 1777; hence stateside (1944), World War II U.S. military slang. State rights in U.S. political sense is attested from 1798; form states rights is first recorded 1858.
Medicine definitions for states
Idioms and Phrases with states
In addition to the idiom beginning with state
- state of the art
- in a lather (state)
- in state
- ship of state