judiciary [joo- dish-ee-er-ee, - dish- uh-ree] Word Origin noun, plural ju·di·ci·ar·ies. the judicial branch of government. the system of courts of justice in a country. judges collectively. pertaining to the judicial branch or system or to judges. Origin of judiciary 1580–90;
orig. adj. <
of the law courts, equivalent to
) judgment (see
-ārius -ary Related forms ju·di·ci·ar·i·ly, adverb sub·ju·di·ci·ar·y, adjective, noun, plural sub·ju·di·ci·ar·ies.
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
British Dictionary definitions for subjudiciary of or relating to courts of law, judgment, or judges the branch of the central authority in a state concerned with the administration of justice Compare executive (def. 2), legislature the system of courts in a country the judges collectively; bench
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for subjudiciary judiciary adj.
"relating to courts," early 15c., from Latin
iudiciarius "of or belonging to a court of justice," from iudicium "judgment," from iudicem (see judge (v.)). The noun meaning "a body of judges, judges collectively" is from 1802 ( judicature was used in this sense from 1590s).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper