Origin of summer

1
before 900; Middle English sumer, Old English sumor; cognate with Dutch zomer, German Sommer, Old Norse sumar summer; akin to Sanskrit samā half-year, year, Old Irish sam-, Welsh haf summer
Related formssum·mer·less, adjective

summer

2
[suhm-er]

noun

a principal beam or girder, as one running between girts to support joists.
a stone laid upon a pier, column, or wall, from which one or more arches spring: usually molded or otherwise treated like the arch or arches springing from it.
a beam or lintel.

Origin of summer

2
1275–1325; Middle English somer < Anglo-French; Old French somier packhorse, beam < Vulgar Latin *saumārius, equivalent to Latin sagm(a) packsaddle (< Greek ságma) + -ārius -ary; see -er2
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Related Words for summer

vacation, summertime, heat, midsummer

Examples from the Web for summer

Contemporary Examples of summer

Historical Examples of summer


British Dictionary definitions for summer

summer

1

noun

(sometimes capital)
  1. the warmest season of the year, between spring and autumn, astronomically from the June solstice to the September equinox in the N hemisphere and at the opposite time of year in the S hemisphere
  2. (as modifier)summer flowers; a summer dress Related adjective: aestival
the period of hot weather associated with the summer
a time of blossoming, greatest happiness, etc
mainly poetic a year represented by this seasona child of nine summers

verb

(intr) to spend the summer (at a place)
(tr) to keep or feed (farm animals) during the summerthey summered their cattle on the mountain slopes
Derived Formssummerless, adjectivesummer-like, adjectivesummerly, adjective, adverbsummery, adjectivesummeriness, noun

Word Origin for summer

Old English sumor; related to Old Frisian sumur, Old Norse sumar, Old High German sumar, Sanskrit samā season

summer

2

noun

Also called: summer tree a large horizontal beam or girder, esp one that supports floor joists
another name for lintel
a stone on the top of a column, pier, or wall that supports an arch or lintel

Word Origin for summer

C14: from Anglo-Norman somer, from Old French somier beam, packhorse, from Late Latin sagmārius (equus) pack(horse), from sagma a packsaddle, from Greek
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for summer
n.1

"hot season of the year," Old English sumor, from Proto-Germanic *sumur- (cf. Old Saxon, Old Norse, Old High German sumar, Old Frisian sumur, Middle Dutch somer, Dutch zomer, German Sommer), from PIE root *sem- (cf. Sanskrit sama "season, half-year," Avestan hama "in summer," Armenian amarn "summer," Old Irish sam, Old Welsh ham, Welsh haf "summer"). Old Norse sumarsdag, first day of summer, was the Thursday that fell between April 9 and 15.

Summer camp is attested from 1893; summer resort is from 1832; summer school first recorded 1860; theatrical summer stock is attested from 1942.

n.2

"horizontal bearing beam," late 13c., from Anglo-French sumer, Old French somer "main beam," originally "pack horse," from Vulgar Latin *saumarius, from Late Latin sagmarius "pack horse," from sagma "packsaddle" (see sumpter).

v.

"to pass the summer," mid-15c., from summer (n.1). Related: Summered; summering.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper