[sur-pluhs, -pluh s]
- something that remains above what is used or needed.
- an amount, quantity, etc., greater than needed.
- agricultural produce or a quantity of food grown by a nation or area in excess of its needs, especially such a quantity of food purchased and stored by a governmental program of guaranteeing farmers a specific price for certain crops.
- the excess of assets over liabilities accumulated throughout the existence of a business, excepting assets against which stock certificates have been issued; excess of net worth over capital-stock value.
- an amount of assets in excess of what is requisite to meet liabilities.
- being a surplus; being in excess of what is required: surplus wheat.
- to treat as surplus; sell off; retire: The government surplussed some of its desert lands.
Origin of surplus
SynonymsSee more synonyms for surplus on Thesaurus.com
1. superabundance. See remainder.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for surpluses
Was the big debate in 2000 really about “What are we going to do with trillions in surpluses?”One Completely Logical Hillary Running Mate
May 2, 2014
Other states with surpluses include Iowa ($800 million) and Tennessee ($580 million).
But in states with surpluses, life is becoming more fun for governors.
And when it comes to state finances, surpluses can help spur further growth.
Here in Virginia we see results, solutions, job growth, surpluses, and cooperation.In State of the State Addresses, Governors Keep Their Eyes on 2016
January 14, 2013
That there is no object of general utility to which these surpluses can be applied.Thirty Years' View (Vol. I of 2)
Thomas Hart Benton
The result is that surpluses of Army harness can not be disposed of to advantage.America's Munitions 1917-1918
The chief embarrassments have arisen, not from deficits, but from surpluses.Congressional Government
Labor in all these countries has spent its wages, and cannot buy any of the surpluses.
Soon they have surpluses, and are seeking other countries on which to unload.
- a quantity or amount in excess of what is required
- an excess of total assets over total liabilities
- an excess of actual net assets over the nominal value of capital stock
- an excess of revenues over expenditures during a certain period of time
- an excess of government revenues over expenditures during a certain financial year
- an excess of receipts over payments on the balance of payments
- being in excess; extra
C14: from Old French, from Medieval Latin superplūs, from Latin super- + plūs more
Word Origin and History for surpluses
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.