temperament

[ tem-per-uh-muhnt, -pruh-muhnt, -per-muhnt ]
/ ˈtɛm pər ə mənt, -prə mənt, -pər mənt /

noun

the combination of mental, physical, and emotional traits of a person; natural predisposition.
unusual personal attitude or nature as manifested by peculiarities of feeling, temper, action, etc., often with a disinclination to submit to conventional rules or restraints.
(old physiology) the combination of the four cardinal humors, the relative proportions of which were supposed to determine physical and mental constitution.
Music.
  1. the tuning of a keyboard instrument, as the piano, organ, or harpsichord, so that the instrument may be played in all keys without further tuning.
  2. a particular system of doing this.
Archaic. an act of tempering or moderating.
Archaic. climate.

Origin of temperament

1375–1425; late Middle English < Latin temperāmentum due mixture, equivalent to temperā(re) to mix properly + -mentum -ment

Synonym study

1. See disposition.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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British Dictionary definitions for temperament

temperament

/ (ˈtɛmpərəmənt, -prəmənt) /

noun

Word Origin for temperament

C15: from Latin temperāmentum a mixing in proportion, from temperāre to temper
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medicine definitions for temperament

temperament

[ tĕmprə-mənt, tĕmpər-ə- ]

n.

The manner of thinking, behaving, or reacting characteristic of a specific person.
Disposition; temper.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.