[ tahy-mok-ruh-see ]
/ taɪˈmɒk rə si /

noun, plural ti·moc·ra·cies.

a form of government in which love of honor is the dominant motive of the rulers.
a form of government in which a certain amount of property is requisite as a qualification for office.

Origin of timocracy

1580–90; earlier timocratie (< F) < Greek tīmokratía, equivalent to tīmo- (combining form of tīmḗ honor, worth) + -kratia -cracy
Related formsti·mo·crat·ic [tahy-muh-krat-ik] /ˌtaɪ məˈkræt ɪk/, ti·mo·crat·i·cal, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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British Dictionary definitions for timocracy


/ (taɪˈmɒkrəsɪ) /

noun plural -cies

a political unit or system in which possession of property serves as the first requirement for participation in government
a political unit or system in which love of honour is deemed the guiding principle of government
Derived Formstimocratic (ˌtaɪməˈkrætɪk) or timocratical, adjective

Word Origin for timocracy

C16: from Old French tymocracie, ultimately from Greek timokratia, from timē worth, honour, price + -cracy
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for timocracy



1580s, from Middle French tymocracie, from Medieval Latin timocratia (13c.), from Greek timokratia, from time "honor, worth" (related to tiein "to place a value on, to honor") + -kratia "rule" (see -cracy). In Plato's philosophy, a form of government in which ambition for power and glory motivates the rulers (as in Sparta). In Aristotle, a form of government in which political power is in direct proportion to property ownership.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper