View synonyms for truncate


[ truhng-keyt ]

verb (used with object)

, trun·cat·ed, trun·cat·ing.
  1. to shorten by cutting off a part; cut short:

    Truncate detailed explanations.

    Synonyms: abbreviate, curtail, trim, abridge

  2. Mathematics, Computers. to shorten (a number) by dropping a digit or digits:

    The numbers 1.4142 and 1.4987 can both be truncated to 1.4.


  1. Biology.
    1. square or broad at the end, as if cut off transversely.
    2. lacking the apex, as certain spiral shells.



  1. tr to shorten by cutting off a part, end, or top


  1. cut short; truncated
  2. biology having a blunt end, as though cut off at the tip

    a truncate leaf

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Derived Forms

  • trunˈcation, noun
  • trunˈcately, adverb

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Other Words From

  • truncate·ly adverb
  • sub·truncate adjective

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Word History and Origins

Origin of truncate1

1480–90; < Latin truncātus (past participle of truncāre to lop), equivalent to trunc ( us ) trunk + -ātus -ate 1

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Word History and Origins

Origin of truncate1

C15: from Latin truncāre to lop

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Example Sentences

In other instances, when encountering an extremely long title, we might select the most relevant portion rather than starting at the beginning and truncating more useful parts.

The 2020 season had been truncated, axed to half-length by the same damn pandemic that cut everything short.

From Vox

It’s impressive to score more than 100 points any year in hockey, but to do it in a pandemic season that has been truncated by over 30 games is unreal.

The NHL playoffs have a different format this year due to the truncated regular season.

Then, Schwarzenegger leveraged the truncated recall campaign period to woo the state into choosing him as its chief executive.

Something traumatic causes a person to truncate himself or herself in that way.

This seems to have been the form present to Rostafinski when he wrote "columella truncate."

The upper margin of the cephalothorax is not rounded, but truncate.

Front margin truncate, sides almost straight, lower margin slightly convex, smooth and shiny and provided with many short hairs.

Upper edge almost truncate, yet rounded; sides evenly convex, lower edge almost straight.

Valve convex on dorsal side, apices dilated and truncate; stri distant at centre.


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More About Truncate

What does truncate mean?

Truncate means to shorten something by removing part of it.

You can truncate something by removing the beginning of it, the end of it, the top of it, or another part of it. In scientific and medical contexts, truncating often involves cutting off a part of something in a way that’s parallel to its base (or perpendicular to its side).

In the context of math, to truncate is to shorten a number by dropping some of the digits after the decimal place. For example, 1.524 can be truncated to 1.5.

Less commonly, truncate can be used as an adjective with the same meaning as truncated—shortened, as if having had a portion cut off.

Example: When they originally released the movie, they truncated the ending, but they’re planning to release the full version soon.

Where does truncate come from?

The first records of the word truncate come from the late 1400s. It comes from the Latin verb truncāre, “to lop” or “to cut off.” Truncāre comes from the Latin truncus, which means “stem,” “stump,” or “trunk,” and is also the basis of the word trunk, as in the trunk of a tree.

You can truncate a trunk of a tree by chopping it down to the stump, but truncate isn’t commonly applied to physical things. It’s most often used to refer to shortening intangible things, such as a schedule or a piece of writing, as in This last part is a bit long, so we’ll have to truncate it to stay within the word count. 

As an adjective, truncate is used in a more specialized way in biology, in which it’s used to describe a part of an organism, such as the leaf of a plant, that looks like it has been cut off at the tip. The word truncated can also be used to describe the same thing.

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What are some other forms related to truncate?

What are some synonyms for truncate?

What are some words that share a root or word element with truncate

What are some words that often get used in discussing truncate?

How is truncate used in real life?

Truncate can be used in all kinds of contexts, but it’s most often applied to intangible things.



Try using truncate!

Which of the following words is NOT a synonym of truncate?

A. abridge
B. abbreviate
C. protract
D. shorten