SYNONYMS | WORD ORIGIN verb (used with object) to state or assert positively; maintain as true: to affirm one's loyalty to one's country; He affirmed that all was well. to confirm or ratify: The appellate court affirmed the judgment of the lower court. to assert solemnly: He affirmed his innocence. to express agreement with or commitment to; uphold; support: to affirm human rights. verb (used without object) . Law to state something solemnly before a court or magistrate, but without oath. to ratify and accept a voidable transaction. (of an appellate court) to determine that the action of the lower court shall stand. Origin of affirm 1300–50;
to make firm (see
Middle English a(f
Middle French afermer
Latin Related forms af·firm·a·ble, adjective af·firm·a·bly, adverb af·firm·er, noun af·firm·ing·ly, adverb o·ver·af·firm, verb pre·af·firm, verb re·af·firm, verb (used with object) un·af·firmed, adjective
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
British Dictionary definitions for unaffirmed verb (mainly tr) (may take a clause as object) to declare to be true; assert positively to uphold, confirm, or ratify (intr) law to make an affirmation Derived Forms affirmer or affirmant, noun Word Origin for affirm
C14: via Old French from Latin
affirmāre to present (something) as firm or fixed, assert, from ad- to + firmāre to make firm 1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
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Word Origin and History for unaffirmed v.
c.1300, from Old French
afermier (Modern French affirmer) "affirm, confirm; strengthen, consolidate," from Latin affirmare "to make steady, strengthen," figuratively "confirm, corroborate," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + firmare "strengthen, make firm," from firmus "strong" (see firm (adj.)). Spelling refashioned 16c. in French and English on Latin model. Related: Affirmed; affirming.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper