adjective, vain·er, vain·est.
- vagus nerve,
- vagus pulse,
- without effect or avail; to no purpose: lives lost in vain; to apologize in vain.
- in an improper or irreverent manner: to take God's name in vain.
Origin of vain
Examples from the Web for vainness
His was a curious temperament, and this sentimentality, born of vainness and idle hours, by no means expressed it all.Lysbeth|H. Rider Haggard
- to use the name of someone, esp God, without due respect or reverence
- jocular to mention someone's name
Word Origin for vain
c.1300, "devoid of real value, idle, unprofitable," from Old French vein "worthless," from Latin vanus "idle, empty," from PIE *wa-no-, from root *eue- "to leave, abandon, give out" (cf. Old English wanian "to lessen," wan "deficient;" Old Norse vanta "to lack;" Latin vacare "to be empty," vastus "empty, waste;" Avestan va- "lack," Persian vang "empty, poor;" Sanskrit una- "deficient"). Meaning "conceited" first recorded 1690s, from earlier sense of "silly, idle, foolish" (late 14c.). Phrase in vain "to no effect" (c.1300, after Latin in vanum) preserves the original sense. Related: Vainly.
see in vain; take someone's name in vain.