vicious

[vish-uhs]

adjective


Nearby words

  1. vichyite,
  2. vichyssoise,
  3. vicinage,
  4. vicinal,
  5. vicinity,
  6. vicious circle,
  7. viciously,
  8. vicissitude,
  9. vicissitudes,
  10. vick

Origin of vicious

1300–50; Middle English (< Anglo-French) < Latin vitiōsus, equivalent to viti(um) fault, vice1 + -ōsus -ous

Related forms
Can be confusedvicious viscose viscous

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for vicious


British Dictionary definitions for vicious

vicious

adjective

wicked or cruel; villainousa vicious thug
characterized by violence or ferocitya vicious blow
informal unpleasantly severe; harsha vicious wind
characterized by malicevicious lies
(esp of dogs, horses, etc) ferocious or hostile; dangerous
characterized by or leading to vice
invalidated by defects; unsounda vicious inference
obsolete noxious or morbida vicious exhalation
Derived Formsviciously, adverbviciousness, noun

Word Origin for vicious

C14: from Old French vicieus, from Latin vitiōsus full of faults, from vitium a defect

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for vicious

vicious

adj.

early 14c. (implied in viciously), "of the nature of vice, wicked," from Anglo-French vicious, Old French vicieus, from Latin vitiosus "faulty, defective, corrupt," from vitium "fault" (see vice (n.1)). Meaning "inclined to be savage or dangerous" is first recorded 1711 (originally of animals, especially horses); that of "full of spite, bitter, severe" is from 1825. In law, "marred by some inherent fault" (late 14c.), hence also this sense in logic (c.1600); cf. vicious circle in reasoning (c.1792, Latin circulus vitiosus), which was given a general sense of "a situation in which action and reaction intensify one another" by 1839.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper