Word of the Day

Tuesday, March 05, 2019

voluble

[ vol-yuh-buhl ]

adjective

characterized by a ready and continuous flow of words; fluent; glib; talkative: a voluble spokesman for the cause.

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What is the origin of voluble?

Voluble ultimately comes from the Latin adjective volūbilis “rolling, rotating, spinning (on an axis); (of speech or speakers) fluent.” Volūbilis is a derivative of the verb volvere “to roll, roll over, roll around, grovel; to bring around (seasons, events).” Compounds of volvere are common in Latin and English: ēvolvere “to unroll, open” (English evolve), dēvolvere “to roll down, roll off, sink back” (English devolve), involvere “to roll up, roll in” (English involve), and revolvere “to roll back (something to its source), unroll (a scroll for reading” (English revolve). Other Latin derivatives from the same root include volūmen “roll, papyrus roll” (English volume), volūta “scroll (on a column) (English volute),” vulva, volva “womb, vulva” (English vulva). Voluble entered English in the 16th century.

how is voluble used?

But Wolf Larsen seemed voluble, prone to speech as I had never seen him before.

Jack London, The Sea-Wolf, 1904

And he aged into a voluble and distinctive public character, a roguish charmer in a kufi, operating out of a packed storefront studio, tooling around Memphis in a plush old sedan.

Christopher Bonanos, "The Civil Rights Movement Photographer Who Was Also an F.B.I. Informant," New York Times, January 18, 2019
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Monday, March 04, 2019

pettifog

[ pet-ee-fog, -fawg ]

verb

to bicker or quibble over trifles or unimportant matters.

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What is the origin of pettifog?

The verb pettifog is a back formation from the noun pettifogger, originally “ambulance chaser, shyster, fixer.” Pettifogger is a compound of the adjective petty “of minor importance” and fogger “a middleman.” Fogger itself probably derives ultimately from Fugger, the name of a prominent family of German bankers of the 15th and 16th centuries. The family name became a common noun in German and Dutch, meaning “rich man, monopolist, usurer.” Pettifog entered English in the 17th century.

how is pettifog used?

Marius, my boy, you are a baron, you are rich, don’t pettifog—I beg of you.

Victor Hugo, Les Misérables, translated by Charles Edwin Wilbour, 1862

The way for the President to protect his prerogatives of office is not to pettifog about war powers but to go to the nation with his case.

William Safire, "In Harm's Way," New York Times, May 25, 1987
Sunday, March 03, 2019

melic

[ mel-ik ]

adjective

intended to be sung.

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What is the origin of melic?

Melic comes from the Greek adjective melikós “lyric (poetry, poet),” a derivative of the noun mélos “limb (of a body), member, musical member, musical phrase, music, song.” Melic is not a common word, unlike its cousin melody, from mélos and ōidḗ “song” (the source of English ode). Melic entered English at the end of the 17th century.

how is melic used?

… anapaests are commonly used either as a sung form, “melic anapaests”, or chanted, a form sometimes called “marching anapaests.”

Simon Goldhill,  Sophocles and the Language of Tragedy, 2012

The earliest discussions call this kind of verse ‘melic’ (the Greek melos means ‘song’), and roughly distinguish sung poems from epic and tragedy.

Colin Burrow, "Ohs and Ahs, Zeros and Ones," London Review of Books, Vol. 39 No. 17, September 7, 2017

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