fold 1 [ fohld ] SHOW IPA / foʊld / PHONETIC RESPELLING verb (used with object) to bend (cloth, paper, etc.) over upon itself. to bring into a compact form by bending and laying parts together (often followed by up): to fold up a map; to fold one's legs under oneself. to bring (the arms, hands, etc.) together in an intertwined or crossed manner; clasp; cross: He folded his arms on his chest. to bend or wind (usually followed by about, round, etc.): to fold one's arms about a person's neck. to bring (the wings) close to the body, as a bird on alighting. to enclose; wrap; envelop: to fold something in paper. to embrace or clasp; enfold: to fold someone in one's arms. Cards. to place (one's cards) facedown so as to withdraw from the play. Informal. to bring to an end; close up: The owner decided to fold the business and retire. SEE MORE SEE LESS verb (used without object) to be folded or be capable of folding: The doors fold back. Cards. to place one's cards facedown so as to withdraw from the play. Informal. to fail in business; be forced to close: The newspaper folded after 76 years. Informal. to yield or give in: Dad folded and said we could go after all. SEE MORE SEE LESS noun a part that is folded; pleat; layer: folds of cloth. a crease made by folding: He cut the paper along the fold. a hollow made by folding: to carry something in the fold of one's dress. a hollow place in undulating ground: a fold of the mountains. Geology. a portion of strata that is folded or bent, as an anticline or syncline, or that connects two horizontal or parallel portions of strata of different levels (as a monocline). Journalism. the line formed along the horizontal center of a standard-sized newspaper when it is folded after printing. a rough-and-ready dividing line, especially on the front page and other principal pages, between stories of primary and lesser importance. a coil of a serpent, string, etc. the act of folding or doubling over. Anatomy. a margin or ridge formed by the folding of a membrane or other flat body part; plica. SEE MORE SEE LESS Verb Phrases fold in, Cooking. to mix in or add (an ingredient) by gently turning one part over another: Fold in the egg whites. fold up, Informal. to break down; collapse: He folded up when the prosecutor discredited his story. to fail, especially to go out of business. QUIZZES QUIZ YOURSELF ON AFFECT VS. EFFECT!
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Origin of fold 1
before 900; (v.) Middle English
cognate with G.
(v.) Middle English
derivative of the
akin to Latin
, twine, Greek
-fold OTHER WORDS FROM fold fold·a·ble, adjective fold 2 [ fohld ] SHOW IPA / foʊld / PHONETIC RESPELLING noun an enclosure for sheep or, occasionally, other domestic animals. the sheep kept within it. a flock of sheep. a church. the members of a church; congregation: He preached to the fold. a group sharing common beliefs, values, etc.: He rejoined the fold after his youthful escapade. SEE MORE SEE LESS verb (used with object) to confine (sheep or other domestic animals) in a fold. Origin of fold 2
before 900; Middle English
fold, fald,Old English fald, falod; akin to Old Saxon faled pen, enclosure, Middle Low German vālt pen, enclosure, manure heap, Middle Dutch vaelt, vaelde a native English suffix meaning “of so many parts,” or denoting multiplication by the number indicated by the stem or word to which the suffix is attached: twofold; manifold. Origin of -fold
Middle English; Old English
cognate with Old Frisian, Old Saxon
all representing the Germanic base of
; akin to Greek
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021
Example sentences from the Web for fold verb to bend or be bent double so that one part covers another to fold a sheet of paper (tr) to bring together and intertwine (the arms, legs, etc) she folded her hands (tr) (of birds, insects, etc) to close (the wings) together from an extended position (tr; often foll by up or in) to enclose in or as if in a surrounding material ( tr foll by in) to clasp (a person) in the arms ( tr usually foll by round, about, etc) to wind (around); entwine (tr) poetic to cover completely night folded the earth Also: fold in (tr) to mix (a whisked mixture) with other ingredients by gently turning one part over the other with a spoon to produce a bend (in stratified rock) or (of stratified rock) to display a bend ( intr often foll by up) informal to collapse; fail the business folded SEE MORE SEE LESS noun a piece or section that has been folded a fold of cloth a mark, crease, or hollow made by folding a hollow in undulating terrain a bend in stratified rocks that results from movements within the earth's crust and produces such structures as anticlines and synclines anatomy another word for plica (def. 1) a coil, as in a rope, etc an act of folding SEE MORE SEE LESS Derived forms of fold foldable, adjective Word Origin for fold
fealdan; related to Old Norse falda , Old High German faldan, Latin duplus double, Greek haploos simple noun a small enclosure or pen for sheep or other livestock, where they can be gathered the sheep or other livestock gathered in such an enclosure a flock of sheep a herd of Highland cattle a church or the members of it any group or community sharing a way of life or holding the same values verb (tr) to gather or confine (sheep or other livestock) in a fold Word Origin for fold
falod; related to Old Saxon faled, Middle Dutch vaelt suffix forming adjectives, suffix forming adverbs having so many parts, being so many times as much or as many, or multiplied by so much or so many threefold; three-hundredfold Word Origin for -fold
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
n. A crease or ridge apparently formed by folding, as of a membrane; a plica. In the embryo, a transient elevation or reduplication of tissue in the form of a lamina.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
A bend in a layer of rock or in another planar feature such as foliation or the cleavage of a mineral. Folds occur as the result of deformation, usually associated with plate-tectonic forces.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
In addition to the idioms beginning with
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.