View synonyms for cross



[ kraws, kros ]


  1. a structure consisting essentially of an upright and a transverse piece, used to execute persons in ancient times.
  2. any object, figure, or mark resembling a cross, as two intersecting lines.
  3. a mark resembling a cross, usually an X, made instead of a signature by a person unable to write.
  4. the Cross, the cross upon which Jesus died.
  5. a figure of the Cross as a Christian emblem, badge, etc.
  6. the Cross as the symbol of Christianity.
  7. a small cross with a human figure attached to it, as a representation of Jesus crucified; crucifix.
  8. a sign made with the right hand by tracing the figure of a cross in the air or by touching the foreheard, chest, and shoulders, as an act of devotion.
  9. a structure or monument in the form of a cross, set up for prayer, as a memorial, etc.
  10. any of various conventional representations or modifications of the Christian emblem used symbolically or for ornament, as in heraldry or art:

    a Latin cross;

    a Maltese cross.

  11. the crucifixion of Jesus as the culmination of His redemptive mission.
  12. any suffering endured for Jesus' sake.
  13. the teaching of redemption gained by Jesus' death.
  14. the Christian religion, or those who accept it; Christianity; Christendom.
  15. any misfortune; trouble.
  16. a crossing of animals or plants; a mixing of breeds.
  17. an animal, plant, breed, etc., produced by crossing; crossbreed.
  18. a person or thing that is intermediate in character between two others.
  19. Boxing. a punch thrown across and over the lead of an opponent:

    a left jab, followed by a right cross.

  20. Older Slang. a contest the result of which is dishonestly arranged beforehand:

    Many of the onlookers, especially some who had bet heavily on Taylor, complained loudly that the fight was a “damnable cross.”

  21. a crossing.
  22. a place of crossing.
  23. Plumbing. a four-way joint or connection.
  24. Theater. an actor's movement from one area of a stage to another.
  25. Also called cross-trade [kraws, -treyd, kros, -]. Stock Exchange. an arrangement for the simultaneous sale and purchase of a block of stock handled by a single broker.
  26. Machinery. spider ( def ).
  27. (initial capital letter) Astronomy. Southern Cross.

verb (used with object)

  1. to move, pass, or extend from one side to the other side of (a street, river, etc.).

    Synonyms: bridge, span, traverse

  2. to put or draw (a line, lines, etc.) across.
  3. to cancel by marking with a cross or with a line or lines (often followed by off or out ).
  4. to mark with a cross.
  5. to lie or pass across; intersect.
  6. to meet and pass.
  7. to transport across something.
  8. to assist or guide (a person) across a street or intersection:

    The guard crossed the child at the traffic light.

  9. to place in the form of a cross or crosswise.
  10. Biology. to cause (members of different genera, species, breeds, varieties, or the like) to interbreed.
  11. to oppose openly; thwart; frustrate.

    Synonyms: contradict, foil, baffle

    Antonyms: help, assist, aid

  12. Slang. to betray; double-cross.
  13. to make the sign of a cross upon or over, as in devotion:

    to cross oneself.

  14. Nautical. to set (a yard) in proper position on a mast.
  15. Obsolete. to confront in a hostile manner.

verb (used without object)

  1. to lie or be athwart; intersect.
  2. to move, pass, or extend from one side or place to another:

    Cross at the intersection.

  3. to meet and pass.
  4. Theater. to move from one side of the stage to the other, especially by passing downstage of another actor.


, cross·er, cross·est.
  1. angry and annoyed; ill-humored; snappish:

    Don't be cross with me.

    Synonyms: ill-tempered, impatient, cranky, cantankerous, sulky, churlish, crabbed, waspish, irascible, fractious, petulant, testy, touchy, fretful, irritable

    Antonyms: agreeable, good-humored, good-natured

  2. lying or passing crosswise or across each other; athwart; transverse:

    cross timbers.

  3. involving a reciprocal action, interchange, or the like:

    a cross-endorsement of political candidates;

    cross-marketing of related services.

  4. They were at cross purposes with each other.

verb phrase

    1. to change arrangements made with; deceive:

      He crossed me up after we had agreed to tell the police the same story.

    2. to confuse:

      I was supposed to meet him at the station, but got crossed up.

  1. Also cross over to the other side.
    1. Biology. (of a chromosome segment) to undergo crossing over.
    2. to switch allegiance, as from one political party to another.
    3. to change successfully from one field of endeavor, genre, etc., to another:

      to cross over from jazz to rock.

    4. to die; pass away.



[ kraws, kros ]


  1. Wilbur Lucius, 1862–1948, U.S. educator: governor of Connecticut 1931–39.


  1. a combining form of cross, used to indicate an interaction or exchange of two or more things ( cross-addicted, cross-cultural, cross-pollination ), the extension across a space or the covering of a distance ( cross-border, crosscountry ), or the passing across or perpendicular intersection with something ( crossbar, crosscurrent ).




  1. indicating action from one individual, group, etc, to another




  2. indicating movement, position, etc, across something (sometimes implying interference, opposition, or contrary action)



  3. indicating a crosslike figure or intersection




/ krɒs /


  1. a structure or symbol consisting essentially of two intersecting lines or pieces at right angles to one another
  2. a wooden structure used as a means of execution, consisting of an upright post with a transverse piece to which people were nailed or tied
  3. a representation of the Cross used as an emblem of Christianity or as a reminder of Christ's death
  4. any mark or shape consisting of two intersecting lines, esp such a symbol ( × ) used as a signature, point of intersection, error mark, etc
  5. a sign representing the Cross made either by tracing a figure in the air or by touching the forehead, breast, and either shoulder in turn
  6. any conventional variation of the Christian symbol, used emblematically, decoratively, or heraldically, such as a Maltese, tau, or Greek cross
  7. heraldry any of several charges in which one line crosses or joins another at right angles
  8. a cruciform emblem awarded to indicate membership of an order or as a decoration for distinguished service
  9. sometimes capital Christianity or Christendom, esp as contrasted with non-Christian religions

    Cross and Crescent

  10. the place in a town or village where a cross has been set up
  11. a pipe fitting, in the form of a cross, for connecting four pipes
  12. biology
    1. the process of crossing; hybridization
    2. an individual produced as a result of this process
  13. a mixture of two qualities or types

    he's a cross between a dictator and a saint

  14. an opposition, hindrance, or misfortune; affliction (esp in the phrase bear one's cross )
  15. slang.
    a match or game in which the outcome has been rigged
  16. slang.
    a fraud or swindle
  17. boxing a straight punch delivered from the side, esp with the right hand
  18. football the act or an instance of kicking or passing the ball from a wing to the middle of the field
  19. on the cross
    1. diagonally
    2. dishonestly


  1. sometimes foll by over to move or go across (something); traverse or intersect

    we crossed the road

    1. to meet and pass

      the two trains crossed

    2. (of each of two letters in the post) to be dispatched before receipt of the other
  2. tr; usually foll by out, off, or through to cancel with a cross or with lines; delete
  3. tr to place or put in a form resembling a cross

    to cross one's legs

  4. tr to mark with a cross or crosses
  5. tr to draw two parallel lines across the face of (a cheque) and so make it payable only into a bank account
  6. tr
    1. to trace the form of the Cross, usually with the thumb or index finger upon (someone or something) in token of blessing
    2. to make the sign of the Cross upon (oneself)
  7. intr (of telephone lines) to interfere with each other so that three or perhaps four callers are connected together at one time
  8. to cause fertilization between (plants or animals of different breeds, races, varieties, etc)
  9. tr to oppose the wishes or plans of; thwart

    his opponent crosses him at every turn

  10. football to kick or pass (the ball) from a wing to the middle of the field
  11. tr nautical to set (the yard of a square sail) athwartships
  12. cross a bridge when one comes to it
    to deal with matters, problems, etc, as they arise; not to anticipate difficulties
  13. cross one's fingers
    to fold one finger across another in the hope of bringing good luck

    keep your fingers crossed

  14. cross one's heart
    to promise or pledge, esp by making the sign of a cross over one's heart
  15. cross one's mind
    to occur to one briefly or suddenly
  16. cross someone's palm
    to give someone money
  17. cross someone's path
    to meet or thwart someone
  18. cross swords
    to argue or fight


  1. angry; ill-humoured; vexed
  2. lying or placed across; transverse

    a cross timber

  3. involving interchange; reciprocal
  4. contrary or unfavourable
  5. another word for crossbred
  6. a Brit slang word for dishonest



/ krɒs /


  1. CrossRichard Assheton18231914MBritishPOLITICS: statesman Richard Assheton , 1st Viscount. 1823–1914, British Conservative statesman, home secretary (1874–80); noted for reforms affecting housing, public health, and the employment of women and children in factories



/ krɒs /


  1. the cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified
  2. the Crucifixion of Jesus


/ krôs /


  1. A plant or animal produced by crossbreeding; a hybrid.


  1. To crossbreed or cross-fertilize plants or animals.
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Derived Forms

  • ˈcrossly, adverb
  • ˈcrosser, noun
  • ˈcrossness, noun
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Other Words From

  • cross·a·ble adjective
  • cross·a·bil·i·ty [kraw-s, uh, -, bil, -i-tee, kros-], noun
  • re·cross verb
  • un·cross·a·ble adjective
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Word History and Origins

Origin of cross1

First recorded before 1000; Middle English, late Old English cros, from Old Norse kross, from Old Irish cros (from British Celtic ), from Latin crux; crux
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Word History and Origins

Origin of cross1

from cross (in various senses)

Origin of cross2

Old English cros, from Old Irish cross (unattested), from Latin crux; see crux
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Idioms and Phrases

  1. bear one's cross, to accept trials or troubles patiently.
  2. cross someone's palm (with silver), to give money to, especially in payment for a service:

    I shall tell your fortune, but you must first cross my palm with silver.

  3. cross the line, line 1( def 68 ).
  4. on the cross, Older Slang. in a dishonest manner; illegally:

    Her elegant clothes and those two splendid rings had been acquired on the cross.

  5. take the cross, to make the vows of a crusader.
  6. cross one's heart. heart ( def 24 ).
  7. cross one's mind. mind ( def 37 ).
  8. cross one's path. path ( def 7 ).

More idioms and phrases containing cross

  • at cross purposes
  • at the crossroads
  • caught in the middle (cross-fire)
  • dot one's i's and cross one's t's
  • double cross
  • get one's wires crossed
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Synonym Study

Cross, ill-natured, peevish, sullen refer to being in a bad mood or ill temper. Cross means temporarily in an irritable or fretful state, and somewhat angry: He gave her a cross reply and walked out of the room. Ill-natured implies a more permanent condition, without definite cause, and means unpleasant, unkind, inclined to snarl or be spiteful: an ill-natured dog; ill-natured spite. Peevish means complaining and snappish: She's acting like a peevish child again. Sullen suggests a kind of glowering silent gloominess and means refusing to speak because of bad humor, anger, or a sense of injury or resentment: I know I haven't called, but why are you suddenly so sullen and vindictive?
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Example Sentences

By 2019, it had crossed 60 million mobile downloads, with 21 million monthly active users and 1 million paying subscribers.

From Ozy

The post Facebook Business Suite is a new cross-app management tool for SMBs appeared first on Search Engine Land.

Then-manager Carl Robinson remembers seeing Davies in a reserve match in which he took off from his own penalty area with the ball and dribbled past three players before launching a cross.

In circuit boards, if the graph isn’t planar, it means that two wires cross each other and short-circuit.

By the late 1980s, researchers in Italy led by Antonio Cassone of the University of Perugia had started working out which cells were responsible for this cross-protection.

The Via Dolorosa ends at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, and is marked by nine stations of the cross.

If they were meaningful, we might have realized it before—surely one of these kids wore a cross, or a yarmulke, or a hijab?

The reason: activist government and unionized government often work at cross purposes.

What do you get when you cross an oil company with gay rights?

But they refused to cross the street to help because, they told bystanders, the rules required them instead to call 911.

In cross-section the burrows varied from round (three inches in diameter) to oval (three inches high and four inches wide).

I cannot believe that God would think it necessary to come on earth as a man, and die on the Cross.

At Jaques Cartier they had but one batteau to cross the army over with, and were fired upon during the whole time by two frigates.

Father Salvierderra said if we repined under our crosses, then a heavier cross would be laid on us.

Pretty well for "a cross between an Astley's chariot, a flying machine and a treadmill."


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More About Cross

What is a basic definition of cross?

Cross as a verb means to begin at one side of something and finish at the opposite side. As an adjective, cross means angry and irritated. As a noun, cross refers to a structure that resembles a lowercase t or any object that has this shape. Cross has a huge number of other senses as a noun, verb, and adjective.

When an object or living thing crosses something else, it physically moves from one side to the other, passes from one side to the other, or extends from one side to the other.

  • Real-life examples: A chicken crosses (walks across) a road. An airplane crosses (passes over) the Atlantic Ocean. A bridge crosses (extends over) a raging river.
  • Used in a sentence: She slowly crossed the rickety bridge. 

As an adjective, cross is used to describe a person who is angry, annoyed, or generally in a bad mood. This sense is often written as “be cross with.”

  • Real-life examples: Teachers get cross when students don’t do their homework. A person waiting in line for hours will most likely become cross. Service people are told not to be cross with rude customers and maintain a sense of calm.
  • Used in a sentence: She was very cross with her brother after he forgot her birthday. 

The noun sense of cross refers to an object made from a horizontal piece and a vertical piece to form a structure that resembles a lowercase t. This object has a huge historical and religious significance, especially among Christians.

A wooden cross was used by the ancient Romans in order to perform a crucifixion, a horrible execution method in which a person was bound or nailed to a cross until they died. Jesus Christ, an extremely important person in Christianity, was famously executed by the Romans by being nailed to a cross.

The cross or “the Cross” (meaning the specific one Jesus died on) is a holy symbol to Christians and a cross shape is often used as the symbol of Christianity. Many Christians have crosses in their homes or on their vehicles or wear one on a necklace.

  • Real-life examples: Most Christian bibles have a cross on the cover. Most Christian churches have a cross (or many crosses) on or inside the building. Many Christian works of art depict crosses or the crucifixion of Jesus on the Cross.
  • Used in a sentence: The priest’s cane had a cross painted on it.

Where does cross come from?

The first records of cross come from before the year 1000. It ultimately comes from the Latin word crux.

In Latin, crux referred specifically to the cross or wooden stake that was used to torture or execute someone. The modern English word crux can refer to a cross but also has figurative meanings.

Did you know … ?

What are some other forms related to cross?

What are some synonyms for cross?

What are some words that share a root or word element with cross

What are some words that often get used in discussing cross?

How is cross used in real life?

Cross is an extremely common word. It often means to move across something, but the many Christian senses of cross are also quite common.

Try using cross!

Is cross used correctly in the following sentence?

The zebras stayed on the near side of the riverbank because the crocodiles made the river too dangerous to cross.

Definitions and idiom definitions from Unabridged, based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

Idioms from The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.




Croslandcross a bridge when one comes to it