- relatively independent syntactically. The construction It being Sunday in It being Sunday, the family went to church is an absolute construction.
- (of a usually transitive verb) used without an object, as the verb give in The charity asked him to give.
- (of an adjective) having its noun understood, not expressed, as poor in The poor are always with us.
- characterizing the phonological form of a word or phrase occurring by itself, not influenced by surrounding forms, as not in is not (as opposed to isn't), or will in they will (as opposed to they'll).Compare sandhi.
- independent of arbitrary standards or of particular properties of substances or systems: absolute humidity.
- pertaining to a system of units, as the centimeter-gram-second system, based on some primary units, especially units of length, mass, and time.
- pertaining to a measurement based on an absolute zero or unit: absolute temperature.
- something that is free from any restriction or condition.
- something that is independent of some or all relations.
- something that is perfect or complete.
- (in Hegelianism) the world process operating in accordance with the absolute idea.
- absit omen,
- absolute accommodation,
- absolute alcohol,
- absolute altitude,
- absolute ceiling,
- absolute complement
Origin of absolute
Examples from the Web for absoluteness
The failure of fruit in her husband proved the absoluteness of her love, proved that he was her all, notwithstanding.Introduction to Robert Browning|Hiram Corson
What have God and infinity and absoluteness to do with 'mammals, birds, reptiles, or fishes'?
Absoluteness and infinity are qualities of the necessary Being.
Absoluteness is that quality of the necessary Being by which he is endowed with self-existence, self-dependence, and totality.
Like other great thinkers, he was absorbed with one idea, and that idea was the absoluteness of perception.Theaetetus|Plato
noun (sometimes not capital)
- the ultimate basis of reality
- that which is totally unconditioned, unrestricted, pure, perfect, or complete
- (postpositive) (of a pressure measurement) not relative to atmospheric pressurethe pressure was 5 bar absolute Compare gauge (def. 18)
- denoting absolute or thermodynamic temperature
- (of a constant) never changing in value
- Also: numerical (of an inequality) unconditional
- (of a term) not containing a variable
Word Origin for absolute
late 14c., "unrestricted; complete, perfect;" also "not relative to something else" (mid-15c.), from Middle French absolut (14c., Old French asolu, Modern French absolu), from Latin absolutus, past participle of absolvere "to set free, make separate" (see absolve).
Most of the current senses also were in the Latin word. Sense evolution was "detached, disengaged," thus "perfect, pure." Meaning "despotic" (1610s) is from notion of "absolute in position." Absolute monarchy is recorded from 1735 (absolute king is recorded from 1610s); scientific absolute magnitude (1902), absolute value (1907) are from early 20c. In metaphysics, the absolute "that which is absolute" is from 1809.