verb (used with object)

to place in proper or desired order; marshal: Napoleon arrayed his troops for battle.
to clothe with garments, especially of an ornamental kind; dress up; deck out: She arrayed herself in furs and diamonds.


Origin of array

1250–1300; Middle English arrayen < Anglo-French arayer, Old French are(y)er < Germanic; compare Old English ārǣdan to prepare, equivalent to ā- a-3 + ræde ready
Related formsar·ray·er, nounun·ar·rayed, adjectivewell-ar·rayed, adjective

Synonyms for array Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for arrayed

Contemporary Examples of arrayed

Historical Examples of arrayed

  • We are not all arrayed in two opposite ranks; the offensive and the defensive.

  • In the evening Florent was arrayed in new clothes from head to foot.

  • Jim came downstairs, arrayed in the suit which Hephzy had laid out for him.

    Kent Knowles: Quahaug

    Joseph C. Lincoln

  • This morning both he and the Keith girl were arrayed in the gayest of summer regalia.


    Joseph C. Lincoln

  • He was arrayed for battle, in back-and-breast of black steel.

    Captain Blood

    Rafael Sabatini

British Dictionary definitions for arrayed



an impressive display or collection
an orderly or regular arrangement, esp of troops in battle order
poetic rich clothing; apparel
maths a sequence of numbers or symbols in a specified order
maths a set of numbers or symbols arranged in rows and columns, as in a determinant or matrix
electronics an arrangement of aerials spaced to give desired directional characteristics, used esp in radar
law a panel of jurors
the arming of military forces
computing a regular data structure in which individual elements may be located by reference to one or more integer index variables, the number of such indices being the number of dimensions in the array

verb (tr)

to dress in rich attire; adorn
to arrange in order (esp troops for battle); marshal
law to draw up (a panel of jurors)
Derived Formsarrayal, noun

Word Origin for array

C13: from Old French aroi arrangement, from arayer to arrange, of Germanic origin; compare Old English arǣdan to make ready
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for arrayed



early 14c., from stem of Old French areer "to put in order," from Vulgar Latin *ar-redare (source of Italian arredare), from Latin ad- "to" (see ad-) + Frankish *ræd- "ready" or some cognate Germanic source, from Proto-Germanic *raidjan "to place in order" (cf. Gothic garadis, Old English geræde "ready;" see ready (adj.)). Related: Arrayed; arraying.



mid-14c., "order, arrangement," from Anglo-French arrai, Old French aroi, from areer (see array (v.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Science definitions for arrayed



Mathematics A rectangular arrangement of quantities in rows and columns, as in a matrix.
Numerical data ordered in a linear fashion, by magnitude.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.