- gloomy; morose; melancholy; morbid.
- irritable; bad-tempered; splenetic.
Origin of atrabilious
1645–55; < Latin ātra bīli(s) black bile + -ous
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Related Wordsgloomy, dispirited, morose, despondent, crestfallen, glum, discouraged, disheartened, drooping, down, black, low, clouded, hurting, sagging, dampened, dashed, dragged, cantankerous, surly
Examples from the Web for atrabilious
After his conversion he made amends, though he was always the atrabilious faultfinder.Unicorns
Much dining-out doth breed dyspepsia, and atrabilious views are apt to be a leetle lop-sided.
I hold them to be a race of pessimists, recruited amongst beggarly philosophers and knavish, atrabilious theologians.The Memoires of Casanova, Complete
Jacques Casanova de Seingalt
The melancholy or atrabilious temperament is of a different character.Curiosities of Medical Experience
J. G. (John Gideon) Millingen
It was his wife, Petronille, still young and passing handsome, but of atrabilious and harsh mien.
- rare irritable
C17: from Latin ātra bīlis black bile, from āter black + bīlis bile 1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for atrabilious
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper