- gloomy; morose; melancholy; morbid.
- irritable; bad-tempered; splenetic.
Origin of atrabilious
1645–55; < Latin ātra bīli(s) black bile + -ous
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for atrabilious
After his conversion he made amends, though he was always the atrabilious faultfinder.Unicorns
Much dining-out doth breed dyspepsia, and atrabilious views are apt to be a leetle lop-sided.
I hold them to be a race of pessimists, recruited amongst beggarly philosophers and knavish, atrabilious theologians.The Memoires of Casanova, Complete
Jacques Casanova de Seingalt
The melancholy or atrabilious temperament is of a different character.Curiosities of Medical Experience
J. G. (John Gideon) Millingen
It was his wife, Petronille, still young and passing handsome, but of atrabilious and harsh mien.
- rare irritable
C17: from Latin ātra bīlis black bile, from āter black + bīlis bile 1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for atrabilious
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper