atrabilious

or at·ra·bil·iar

[a-truh-bil-yuh s]

adjective

gloomy; morose; melancholy; morbid.
irritable; bad-tempered; splenetic.

Nearby words

  1. atorvastatin,
  2. atoxic,
  3. atp,
  4. atpase,
  5. atrabiliary,
  6. atracurium besylate,
  7. atrahasis,
  8. atraumatic suture,
  9. atrazine,
  10. atrek

Origin of atrabilious

1645–55; < Latin ātra bīli(s) black bile + -ous

Related formsat·ra·bil·ious·ness, noun

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for atrabilious


British Dictionary definitions for atrabilious

atrabilious

atrabiliar

adjective

rare irritable
Derived Formsatrabiliousness, noun

Word Origin for atrabilious

C17: from Latin ātra bīlis black bile, from āter black + bīlis bile 1

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for atrabilious

atrabilious

adj.

1650s, from Latin atra bilis, translating Greek melankholia "black bile" (see melancholy; also cf. bile). Atra is fem. of ater "black, dark, gloomy," perhaps related to root of atrocity. Related: Atrabiliousness.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper