atrophy [ a-tr uh-fee ] SHOW IPA / ˈæ trə fi / PHONETIC RESPELLING noun Also a·tro·phi·a [ uh- troh-fee- uh]. /əˈtroʊ fi ə/. Pathology. a wasting away of the body or of an organ or part, as from defective nutrition or nerve damage. degeneration, decline, or decrease, as from disuse: He argued that there was a progressive atrophy of freedom and independence of thought. verb (used with or without object), at·ro·phied, at·ro·phy·ing. to affect with or undergo atrophy. QUIZZES QUIZ YOURSELF ON AFFECT VS. EFFECT!
In effect, this quiz will prove whether or not you have the skills to know the difference between “affect” and “effect.”
Question 1 of 7
The rainy weather could not ________ my elated spirits on my graduation day.
Origin of atrophy
(<Middle French ) <Late Latin
<Greek, equivalent to
) not fed (see
-ia -ia OTHER WORDS FROM atrophy a·troph·ic [ uh- trof-ik, uh- troh-fik], /əˈtrɒf ɪk, əˈtroʊ fɪk/, adjective non·a·troph·ic, adjective
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021
Example sentences from the Web for atrophy
Nevertheless, seen in the perspective of history, they are survivals,
atrophying and disappearing.
Bereft of Juliet, thrown back upon himself, the best part of his nature was slowly
atrophying from disuse.
Because I'd like to see if the
atrophying of your brain has furnished any compensations. noun plural -phies a wasting away of an organ or part, or a failure to grow to normal size as the result of disease, faulty nutrition, etc any degeneration or diminution, esp through lack of use verb -phies, -phying or -phied to waste away or cause to waste away Derived forms of atrophy atrophic ( əˈtrɒfɪk), adjective Word Origin for atrophy
C17: from Late Latin
atrophia, from Greek, from atrophos ill-fed, from a- 1 + -trophos from trephein to feed
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
n. A wasting or decrease in the size of an organ or tissue, as from death and reabsorption of cells, diminished cellular proliferation, pressure, ischemia, malnutrition, decreased function, or hormonal changes. atrophia Other words from atrophy a•troph ( ′ic ā-trŏf) ′ĭk adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
A wasting or decrease in the size of an organ or tissue, as from death and reabsorption of cells, diminished proliferation of cells, pressure, lack of oxygen, malnutrition, decreased function, or hormonal changes.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
The wasting away or decrease in size of an
organ or tissue in the body. When a body part is affected by paralysis, the muscles may atrophy through lack of use. notes for atrophy
The term is also used in a more general way to refer to a wasting process: “Since he stopped playing, his
skills have atrophied.”
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.