View synonyms for calculus

calculus

[ kal-kyuh-luhs ]

noun

, plural cal·cu·li [kal, -ky, uh, -lahy], cal·cu·lus·es.
1. Mathematics. a method of calculation, especially one of several highly systematic methods of treating problems by a special system of algebraic notations, as differential or integral calculus.
2. Pathology. a stone, or concretion, formed in the gallbladder, kidneys, or other parts of the body.
3. Also called tartar. Dentistry. a hard, yellowish to brownish-black deposit on teeth formed largely through the mineralization of dead bacteria in dental plaques by the calcium salts in salivary secretions and subgingival transudates.
4. calculation; estimation or computation:

the calculus of political appeal.

calculus

/ ˈkælkjʊləs /

noun

1. a branch of mathematics, developed independently by Newton and Leibniz. Both differential calculus and integral calculus are concerned with the effect on a function of an infinitesimal change in the independent variable as it tends to zero
2. any mathematical system of calculation involving the use of symbols
3. logic an uninterpreted formal system Compare formal language
4. -li-ˌlaɪ pathol a stonelike concretion of minerals and salts found in ducts or hollow organs of the body
“Collins English Dictionary — Complete & Unabridged” 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

calculus

/ kălkyə-ləs /

, Plural calculi kălkyə-lī′

1. The branch of mathematics that deals with limits and the differentiation and integration of functions of one or more variables.
2. A solid mass, usually composed of inorganic material, formed in a cavity or tissue of the body. Calculi are most commonly found in the gallbladder, kidney, or urinary bladder.
3. Also called stone

calculus

1. The branch of mathematics , usually studied after algebra , that provides a natural method for describing gradual change.

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Notes

Most modern sciences use calculus.
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Word History and Origins

Origin of calculus1

1610–20; < Latin: pebble, small stone (used in reckoning), equivalent to calc- (stem of calx stone) + -ulus -ule
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Word History and Origins

Origin of calculus1

C17: from Latin: pebble, stone used in reckoning, from calx small stone, counter