china

[ chahy-nuh ]
/ ˈtʃaɪ nə /

noun

adjective

made of china.
indicating the twentieth event of a series, as a wedding anniversary.

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Origin of china

First recorded in 1645–55; by ellipsis from chinaware

Definition for china (2 of 2)

China
[ chahy-nuh ]
/ ˈtʃaɪ nə /

noun

Also called Nationalist China . Republic of China.

Origin of China

First recorded in 1550–60; of uncertain origin, but probably ultimately from Sanskrit Cīnas “the Chinese,” from Chinese Ch'in
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

Example sentences from the Web for china

British Dictionary definitions for china (1 of 3)

china1
/ (ˈtʃaɪnə) /

noun

ceramic ware of a type originally from China
any porcelain or similar ware
cups, saucers, etc, collectively
(modifier) made of chinaa china tea service

Word Origin for china

C16 chiny, from Persian chīnī

British Dictionary definitions for china (2 of 3)

china2
/ (ˈtʃaɪnə) /

noun

British and Southern African informal a friend or companion

Word Origin for china

C19: originally Cockney rhyming slang: china plate, mate

British Dictionary definitions for china (3 of 3)

China
/ (ˈtʃaɪnə) /

noun

People's Republic of China, Communist China or Red China a republic in E Asia: the third largest and the most populous country in the world; the oldest continuing civilization (beginning over 2000 years bc); republic established in 1911 after the overthrow of the Manchu dynasty by Sun Yat-sen; People's Republic formed in 1949; the 1980s and 1990s saw economic liberalization but a rejection of political reform; contains vast deserts, steppes, great mountain ranges (Himalayas, Kunlun, Tian Shan, and Nan Shan), a central rugged plateau, and intensively cultivated E plains. Language: Chinese in various dialects, the chief of which is Mandarin. Religion: nonreligious majority; Buddhist and Taoist minorities. Currency: yuan. Capital: Beijing. Pop: 1 349 586 000 (2013 est). Area: 9 560 990 sq km (3 691 502 sq miles)
Republic of China, Nationalist China or Taiwan a republic (recognized as independent by only 24 nations) in E Asia occupying the island of Taiwan, 13 nearby islands, and 64 islands of the Penghu (Pescadores) group: established in 1949 by the Nationalist government of China under Chiang Kai-shek after its expulsion by the Communists from the mainland; its territory claimed by the People's Republic of China since the political separation from the mainland; under US protection 1954–79; lost its seat at the UN to the People's Republic of China in 1971; state of war with the People's Republic of China formally ended in 1991, though tensions continue owing to the unresolved territorial claim. Language: Mandarin Chinese. Religion: nonreligious majority, Buddhist and Taoist minorities. Currency: New Taiwan dollar. Capital: Taipei. Pop: 22 610 000 (2003 est). Area: 35 981 sq km (13 892 sq miles)Former name: Formosa

Other words from China

Related adjective: Sinitic
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Cultural definitions for china

China

Nation in eastern Asia, bordered by Russia and North Korea to the east; Russia and Mongolia to the north; Russia and Afghanistan to the west; and Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma, Laos, and Vietnam to the south. Its capital is Beijing, and its largest city is Shanghai.

notes for China

China is the most populous country in the world and the third largest, after Russia and Canada.

notes for China

The Boxer Rebellion of 1900 grew out of strong resentment of foreign influence in China.

notes for China

A revolution in 1911 overthrew the Qing dynasty, ending the two-thousand-year-old imperial system.

notes for China

Chiang Kai-shek, the leader of the Chinese Nationalists, established the government of Nationalist China (see also Nationalist China) in 1928 in Nanjing.

notes for China

The Second Sino-Japanese War, which lasted from 1937 to 1945 (merging with World War II in 1941), grew out of Japanese encroachments on Chinese land.

notes for China

The Chinese communists, with Mao Zedong as their leader, defeated Chiang's Nationalists in 1949, proclaiming the People's Republic of China. The Nationalists withdrew to the island of Taiwan.

notes for China

In 1950, Chinese forces joined the North Korean army in the Korean War.

notes for China

In 1958, Mao undertook the “Great Leap Forward” campaign, a crash program of industrialization, but none of its goals were reached, and the effort collapsed.

notes for China

In 1960, the ideological split between the Soviet Union and China widened, and the Soviets withdrew all aid.

notes for China

In the mid-1960s, Mao's wife, acting on his behalf, and three colleagues, later known as the Gang of Four, advanced the goals of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, aimed at eliminating old ideas and customs. Mobs attacked schools and cultural centers, brutally disrupting the entire nation. With the death of Mao in 1976 and the trial of the Gang of Four in 1980, the Cultural Revolution came to an end.

notes for China

In 1972, President Richard Nixon visited China, reopening relations between mainland China and the United States.

notes for China

In 1989, the government brutally suppressed pro-democracy demonstrations in Tiananmen Square.

notes for China

Although China remains officially communist, its government encourages capitalism in designated areas, especially in its southeastern provinces. China has experienced considerable economic development in recent decades. Relations with the United States remain tense, especially over Taiwan, but the United States supported China's admission to the World Trade Organization (WTO).
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.