collateral

[kuh-lat-er-uh l]

noun

adjective


Origin of collateral

1350–1400; Middle English (< Anglo-French) < Medieval Latin collaterālis, equivalent to col- col-1 + laterālis lateral
Related formscol·lat·er·al·i·ty [koh-lat-uh-ral-i-tee] /koʊˌlæt əˈræl ɪ ti/, col·lat·er·al·ness, nouncol·lat·er·al·ly, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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British Dictionary definitions for collateral

collateral

noun

  1. security pledged for the repayment of a loan
  2. (as modifier)a collateral loan
a person, animal, or plant descended from the same ancestor as another but through a different line

adjective

situated or running side by side
descended from a common ancestor but through different lines
serving to support or corroborate
aside from the main issue
uniting in tendency
Derived Formscollaterally, adverb

Word Origin for collateral

C14: from Medieval Latin collaterālis, from Latin com- together + laterālis of the side, from latus side
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for collateral
adj.

late 14c., "accompanying," also "descended from the same stock," from Old French collateral (13c.), from Medieval Latin collateralis "accompanying," literally "side by side," from Latin com- "together" (see com-) + lateralis "of the side," from latus "a side" (see oblate (n.)). Literal sense of "parallel, along the side of" attested in English from mid-15c. Related: Collaterally.

n.

16c., "colleague, associate," from collateral (adj.). Meaning "thing given as security" is from 1832, American English, from phrase collateral security (1720).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for collateral

collateral

[kə-lătər-əl]

adj.

Indirect, subsidiary, or accessory to the main thing.
Having an ancestor in common but descended from a different line.

n.

A branch of a nerve axon or blood vessel.
A collateral relative.
Related formscol•later•al•ly adv.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Culture definitions for collateral

collateral

Property or its equivalent that a debtor deposits with a creditor to guarantee repayment of a debt.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.