Origin of compound sentence
Words nearby compound sentence
What is a compound sentence?
In grammar, a clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a predicate. The subject is the word that indicates what a sentence is about or who or what is performing an action. A subject can be a noun (car, Tom), a noun phrase (short book, green apples), or a noun substitute (you, they). The predicate is a word that indicates what the subject is doing. A predicate is a verb (runs, is) and the words that govern or modify it (fast, hungry).
An independent clause contains a complete thought and can be used by itself as a sentence, as in It is time for lunch. A dependent clause does not contain a complete thought and can’t be used by itself. It depends on another clause to make sense, as in When the clock strikes noon.
A compound sentence has only independent clauses, as in Selena studied for hours, but she failed the exam. Selena studied for hours is a complete thought that grammatically can stand alone as a sentence. She failed the exam is also a complete thought that can stand alone as a sentence. But is a coordinating conjunction that joins the sentences together. Coordinating conjunctions join two equal (coordinate) parts.
A compound sentence can have any number of independent clauses but cannot have any dependent clauses, as in I like Sarah, and Sarah likes Jessica, but Jessica doesn’t like me.
Why are compound sentences important?
The first records of the phrase compound sentence come from around 1765. It combines the word compound, meaning “composed of two or more parts,” and sentence, meaning “a grammatical unit of words that expresses an independent idea.” A compound sentence is composed of two or more independent clauses.
Compound sentences help us share two or more main ideas (independent clauses) in one sentence. Because there are no dependent clauses in a compound sentence, we aren’t usually sharing further, more complex information about either main idea, as in The wind howled and the rain poured.
The independent clauses in a compound sentence can be joined by a coordinating conjunction, such as and, but, or or. The conjunction often follows a comma, as in Juan studied for the exam, but Shane did not. When you have more than two independent clauses, use commas between the clauses and a comma and a coordinating conjunction between the last two clauses, as in Yvette likes chocolate ice cream, Luis likes vanilla, and Sally likes strawberry.
Understanding compound sentences will help you understand the relationship between the ideas in the sentence and help you understand similar sentence structures, such as complex sentences and compound-complex sentences.
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You can also join two independent clauses with just a semicolon, as in Juan studied for the exam; Shane did not.
What are real-life examples of compound sentence?
This graphic defines a complex sentence and gives two examples.
We use compound sentences all of the time in English.
All of those three things have their uses. I don't remove them all. But as for the semi-colon, I think that my mind works in compound sentences so my writing often comes out that way initially. It's easy enough to rectify though, and a well-placed semi-colon is a wonderful thing.
— Michael Burnett: Memento Mori. (@MementoMoriMB) March 15, 2021
I like compound sentences because it's like two independent clauses decided to get married.
— Quirky Cat (@RealQuirkyCat) March 6, 2015
What other words are related to compound sentence?
Is the following sentence an example of a compound sentence?
I love dogs, but I am afraid of cats.
How to use compound sentence in a sentence
As this list shows, punishments typically run to a short-ish jail sentence and/or a moderately hefty fine.
Real Housewives of New Jersey star Teresa Giudice turned herself in to serve a 15-month sentence for bankruptcy fraud.How a ‘Real Housewife’ Survives Prison: ‘I Don’t See [Teresa Giudice] Having a Cakewalk Here’|Michael Howard|January 6, 2015|DAILY BEAST
That Huckabee is mentioned in the same sentence with other aspiring conservative governors, especially Bobby Jindal, is laughable.
He scrambled outside to find a 25-foot-wide crater just beyond the mud wall surrounding his family compound.The Dangerous Drug-Funded Secret War Between Iran and Pakistan|Umar Farooq|December 29, 2014|DAILY BEAST
Brown had been serving a life sentence; McCollum had been on Death Row.How the U.S. Justice System Screws Prisoners with Disabilities|Elizabeth Picciuto|December 16, 2014|DAILY BEAST
Before he could finish the sentence the Hole-keeper said snappishly, "Well, drop out again—quick!"Davy and The Goblin|Charles E. Carryl
He, with others, thinking the miss-sahib had gone to church, was smoking the hookah of gossip in a neighboring compound.
They held the compound against repeated assaults, and lost several men in hand-to-hand fighting.
Each sentence came as if torn piecemeal from his unwilling tongue; short, jerky phrases, conceived in pain and delivered in agony.Raw Gold|Bertrand W. Sinclair
Passing a bungalow that was blazing furiously, he saw in the compound the corpses of two women.
British Dictionary definitions for compound sentence
Cultural definitions for compound sentence
A sentence that contains at least two independent clauses, often joined by conjunctions: “Dr. Watson explained his theory, and Sherlock Holmes listened quietly.” (Compare complex sentence, compound-complex sentence, and simple sentence.)