discourage

[dih-skur-ij, -skuhr-]
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verb (used with object), dis·cour·aged, dis·cour·ag·ing.
  1. to deprive of courage, hope, or confidence; dishearten; dispirit.
  2. to dissuade (usually followed by from).
  3. to obstruct by opposition or difficulty; hinder: Low prices discourage industry.
  4. to express or make clear disapproval of; frown upon: to discourage the expression of enthusiasm.
verb (used without object), dis·cour·aged, dis·cour·ag·ing.
  1. to become discouraged: a person who discourages easily.

Origin of discourage

1400–50; late Middle English discoragen < Middle French descorager, Old French descoragier. See dis-1, courage
Related formsdis·cour·ag·er, noundis·cour·age·a·ble, adjectivedis·cour·ag·ing·ly, adverbo·ver·dis·cour·age, verb (used with object), o·ver·dis·cour·aged, o·ver·dis·cour·ag·ing.pre·dis·cour·age, verb (used with object), pre·dis·cour·aged, pre·dis·cour·ag·ing.un·dis·cour·age·a·ble, adjectiveun·dis·cour·aged, adjectiveun·dis·cour·ag·ing, adjectiveun·dis·cour·ag·ing·ly, adverb

Synonyms for discourage

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Synonym study

1. Discourage, dismay, intimidate mean to dishearten or frighten. To discourage is to dishearten by expressing disapproval or by suggesting that a contemplated action or course will probably fail: He was discouraged from going into business. To dismay is to dishearten completely: Her husband's philandering dismayed her. To intimidate is to frighten, as by threats of force, violence, or dire consequences: to intimidate a witness.

Antonyms for discourage

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


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British Dictionary definitions for discourage

discourage

verb (tr)
  1. to deprive of the will to persist in something
  2. to inhibit; preventthis solution discourages rust
  3. to oppose by expressing disapproval
Derived Formsdiscouragement, noundiscourager, noundiscouragingly, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for discourage
v.

mid-15c., discoragen, from Middle French descourager, from Old French descoragier, from des- "away" (see dis-) + corage (see courage). Related: Discouraged; discouragement; discouraging.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper