[ div-i-dend ]
/ ˈdɪv ɪˌdɛnd /


Mathematics. a number that is to be divided by a divisor.
Law. a sum out of an insolvent estate paid to creditors.
  1. a pro-rata share in an amount to be distributed.
  2. a sum of money paid to shareholders of a corporation out of earnings.
Insurance. (in participating insurance) a distribution to a policyholder of a portion of the premium not needed by the company to pay claims or to meet expenses.
a share of anything divided.
anything received as a bonus, reward, or in addition to or beyond what is expected: Swimming is fun, and gives you the dividend of better health.

Nearby words

  1. divide,
  2. divide and conquer,
  3. divided,
  4. divided highway,
  5. dividedly,
  6. dividend cover,
  7. dividend on,
  8. dividendus,
  9. divider,
  10. dividers

Origin of dividend

1470–80; < Latin dīvidendum thing to be divided, neuter gerund of dīvidere to divide

Related formssu·per·div·i·dend, noun

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for dividend

British Dictionary definitions for dividend


/ (ˈdɪvɪˌdɛnd) /


  1. a distribution from the net profits of a company to its shareholders
  2. a pro-rata portion of this distribution received by a shareholder
the share of a cooperative society's surplus allocated at the end of a period to members
insurance a sum of money distributed from a company's net profits to the holders of certain policies
something extra; bonus
a number or quantity to be divided by another number or quantityCompare divisor
law the proportion of an insolvent estate payable to the creditors

Word Origin for dividend

C15: from Latin dīvidendum what is to be divided; see divide

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for dividend



late 15c., from Middle French dividende "a number divided by another," from Latin dividendum "thing to be divided," neuter gerundive of dividere (see divide). Mathematical sense is from 1540s. Meaning "portion of interest on a loan, stock, etc." is from 1620s. Related: Dividends.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Science definitions for dividend


[ dĭvĭ-dĕnd′ ]

A number divided by another. In the equation 15 ÷ 3 = 5, 15 is the dividend.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Culture definitions for dividend


A payment to the stockholders of a corporation from the corporation's earnings.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.