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noun, plural func·tion·ar·ies.
  1. a person who functions in a specified capacity, especially in government service; an official: civil servants, bureaucrats, and other functionaries.

Origin of functionary

1785–95; function + -ary, modeled on French fonctionnaire Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for functionary

Historical Examples of functionary

British Dictionary definitions for functionary


noun plural -aries
  1. a person acting in an official capacity, as for a government; an official
  1. a less common word for functional, official
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for functionary

"one who has a certain function," 1791, from or patterned on French fonctionnaire, a word of the Revolution; from Old French function (see function).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper