genome [ jee-nohm ] SHOW IPA / ˈdʒi noʊm / PHONETIC RESPELLING noun Genetics. a full set of chromosomes; all the inheritable traits of an organism. QUIZZES DISCOVER THE INFLUENCE OF PORTUGUESE ON ENGLISH VIA THIS QUIZ!
We’ve gathered some interesting words donated to English from Portuguese … as well as some that just don’t translate at all. Do you know what they mean?
Question 1 of 11
Which of the following animal names traces its immediate origin to Portuguese?
ge·nom [ jee-nom]. /ˈdʒi nɒm/. Origin of genome
om chromosome OTHER WORDS FROM genome ge·no·mic [ji- noh-mik, - nom-ik], /dʒɪˈnoʊ mɪk, -ˈnɒm ɪk/, adjective Words nearby genome genocopy
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021
Example sentences from the Web for genome British Dictionary definitions for genome noun the full complement of genetic material within an organism all the genes comprising a haploid set of chromosomes Derived forms of genome genomic ( dʒɪˈnɒmɪk), adjective Word Origin for genome
C20: from German
Genom, from Gen gene + ( chromos) ome
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Medical definitions for genome n. A complete haploid set of chromosomes with its associated genes. Other words from genome ge•nom ( ′ic -nŏm) ′ĭk adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Scientific definitions for genome The total amount of genetic information in the chromosomes of an organism, including its genes and DNA sequences. The genome of eukaryotes is made up of a single, haploid set of chromosomes that is contained in the nucleus of every cell and exists in two copies in all cells except reproductive and red blood cells. The human genome is made up of about 20,000 to 25,000 genes. Compare proteome.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Cultural definitions for genome
The sum of all information contained in the
DNA for any living thing. The sequence of all the nucleotides in all the chromosomes of an organism.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.