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geography

[jee-og-ruh-fee]
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noun, plural ge·og·ra·phies.
  1. the science dealing with the areal differentiation of the earth's surface, as shown in the character, arrangement, and interrelations over the world of such elements as climate, elevation, soil, vegetation, population, land use, industries, or states, and of the unit areas formed by the complex of these individual elements.
  2. the study of this science.
  3. the topographical features of a region, usually of the earth, sometimes of the planets.
  4. a book dealing with this science or study, as a textbook.
  5. the arrangement of features of any complex entity: the geography of the mind.
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Origin of geography

1535–45; < Latin geōgraphia < Greek geōgraphía earth description. See geo-, -graphy
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words

topographygeopoliticsgeologycartographyphysiographytopologychorography

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British Dictionary definitions for geography

geography

noun plural -phies
  1. the study of the natural features of the earth's surface, including topography, climate, soil, vegetation, etc, and man's response to them
  2. the natural features of a region
  3. an arrangement of constituent parts; plan; layout
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Derived Formsgeographer, noungeographical (ˌdʒɪəˈɡræfɪkəl) or geographic, adjectivegeographically, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for geography

n.

1540s, from Middle French géographie (15c.), from Latin geographia, from Greek geographia "description of the earth's surface," from geo- "earth" + -graphia "description" (see -graphy).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

geography in Science

geography

[jē-ŏgrə-fē]
  1. The scientific study of the Earth's surface and its various climates, countries, peoples, and natural resources.
  2. The physical characteristics, especially the surface features, of an area.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.