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increase

[verb in-krees; noun in-krees]
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verb (used with object), in·creased, in·creas·ing.
  1. to make greater, as in number, size, strength, or quality; augment; add to: to increase taxes.
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verb (used without object), in·creased, in·creas·ing.
  1. to become greater, as in number, size, strength, or quality: Sales of automobiles increased last year.
  2. to multiply by propagation.
  3. to wax, as the moon.
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noun
  1. growth or augmentation in numbers, size, strength, quality, etc.: the increase of crime.
  2. the act or process of increasing.
  3. that by which something is increased.
  4. the result of increasing.
  5. produce of the earth.
  6. product; profit; interest.
  7. Obsolete.
    1. multiplication by propagation; production of offspring.
    2. offspring; progeny.
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Origin of increase

1275–1325; Middle English incresen, encresen < Anglo-French encres-, Middle French encreiss-, stem of encreistre < Latin incrēscere, equivalent to in- in-2 + crēscere to grow; see crescent
Related formsin·creas·a·ble, adjectivein·creas·ed·ly [in-kree-sid-lee] /ɪnˈkri sɪd li/, adverbnon·in·creas·a·ble, adjectivenon·in·crease, nounpre·in·crease, nounpre·in·crease, verb (used with object), pre·in·creased, pre·in·creas·ing.pro·in·crease, adjectivequa·si-in·creased, adjectivere·in·crease, verb, re·in·creased, re·in·creas·ing, nounsu·per·in·crease, verb (used with object), su·per·in·creased, su·per·in·creas·ing.su·per·in·crease, nounun·in·creas·a·ble, adjectiveun·in·creased, adjective

Synonyms

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1. expand, extend, prolong. Increase, augment, enlarge may all mean to make larger. To increase means to make greater, as in quantity, extent, degree: to increase someone's salary; to increase the velocity; to increase the ( degree of ) concentration. Enlarge means to make greater in size, extent, or range: to enlarge a building, a business, one's conceptions. Augment, a more formal word, means to make greater, especially by addition from the outside: to augment one's income ( by doing extra work ). 3. expand, grow, develop, swell. 6. enlargement, expansion.

Antonyms

1, 3. decrease.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words

development, raise, merger, hike, rise, upsurge, expansion, surge, upturn, inflation, gain, increment, boost, escalation, widen, strengthen, broaden, reinforce, triple, further

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British Dictionary definitions for increase

increase

verb (ɪnˈkriːs)
  1. to make or become greater in size, degree, frequency, etc; grow or expand
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noun (ˈɪnkriːs)
  1. the act of increasing; augmentation
  2. the amount by which something increases
  3. on the increase increasing, esp becoming more frequent
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Derived Formsincreasable, adjectiveincreasedly (ɪnˈkriːsɪdlɪ) or increasingly, adverbincreaser, noun

Word Origin

C14: from Old French encreistre, from Latin incrēscere, from in- ² + crēscere to grow
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for increase

v.

early 14c., "become greater in size or number; to cause to grow, enlarge," from Anglo-French encress-, Old French encreiss-, present participle stem of encreistre, from Latin increscere "to increase, to grow upon, grow over, swell, grow into," from in- "in" (see in- (2)) + crescere "to grow" (see crescent). Latin spelling restored 15c. Related: Increased; increasing.

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n.

late 14c., "action of increasing; results of an increasing," from increase (v.).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper