karyotype

[kar-ee-uh-tahyp]
noun Genetics.
  1. the chromosomes of a cell, usually displayed as a systematized arrangement of chromosome pairs in descending order of size.

Origin of karyotype

First recorded in 1925–30; karyo- + type
Related formskar·y·o·typ·ic [kar-ee-uh-tip-ik] /ˌkær i əˈtɪp ɪk/, kar·y·o·typ·i·cal, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for karyotype

karyotype

noun
  1. the appearance of the chromosomes in a somatic cell of an individual or species, with reference to their number, size, shape, etc
verb (tr)
  1. to determine the karyotype of (a cell)
Derived Formskaryotypic (ˌkærɪəˈtɪpɪk) or karyotypical, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for karyotype
n.

1929, ultimately from Russian kariotip (1922); see karyo- + type.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

karyotype in Medicine

karyotype

[kărē-ə-tīp′]
n.
  1. The characterization of the chromosomal complement of an individual or a species, including number, form, and size of the chromosomes.
  2. A photomicrograph of chromosomes arranged according to a standard classification.
v.
  1. To classify and array the chromosome complement of an organism or a species according to the arrangement, number, size, shape, or other characteristics of the chromosomes.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

karyotype in Science

karyotype

[kărē-ə-tīp′]
Noun
  1. An organized visual profile of the chromosomes in the nucleus of a body cell of an organism. Karyotypes are prepared using cells in the metaphase stage of cell division, when chromosomal strands have coiled together and duplicated, rendering them easily visible under a microscope after staining. Photomicrographs of the stained chromosomes are then arranged in a standard format according to size, the relative position of the centromere, and other criteria. The normal human karyotype consists of 46 chromosomes.
Verb
  1. To prepare the karyotype of an organism.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

karyotype in Culture

karyotype

[(kar-ee-uh-teyep)]

The complete set of chromosomes that constitutes the entire genome of a species. The human karyotype contains forty-six chromosomes, twenty-three from each parent. This set is contained in the nucleus of almost every cell in the body

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.