- the chromosomes of a cell, usually displayed as a systematized arrangement of chromosome pairs in descending order of size.
Origin of karyotype
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for karyotype
The results, one simple line in karyotype notation, were clear.Parents Sue for 'Wrongful Birth'
August 17, 2014
- the appearance of the chromosomes in a somatic cell of an individual or species, with reference to their number, size, shape, etc
- to determine the karyotype of (a cell)
Word Origin and History for karyotype
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
- The characterization of the chromosomal complement of an individual or a species, including number, form, and size of the chromosomes.
- A photomicrograph of chromosomes arranged according to a standard classification.
- To classify and array the chromosome complement of an organism or a species according to the arrangement, number, size, shape, or other characteristics of the chromosomes.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
- An organized visual profile of the chromosomes in the nucleus of a body cell of an organism. Karyotypes are prepared using cells in the metaphase stage of cell division, when chromosomal strands have coiled together and duplicated, rendering them easily visible under a microscope after staining. Photomicrographs of the stained chromosomes are then arranged in a standard format according to size, the relative position of the centromere, and other criteria. The normal human karyotype consists of 46 chromosomes.
- To prepare the karyotype of an organism.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.