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# median

^{1}

[ **mee**-dee-*uh*n ]

## noun

*Arithmetic, Statistics.*the middle number in a given sequence of numbers, taken as the average of the two middle numbers when the sequence has an even number of numbers:*4 is the median of 1, 3, 4, 8, 9.**Geometry.*a straight line from a vertex of a triangle to the midpoint of the opposite side.- Also called midpoint. a vertical line that divides a histogram into two equal parts. Compare central tendency.

## adjective

*Statistics.*relating to the value in the center of the distribution for an array of data:*the median income of American households.*- noting or relating to a plane dividing something into two equal parts, especially one dividing an animal into right and left halves.
- situated in or relating to the middle; medial.

Median

^{2}

[ **mee**-dee-*uh*n ]

## adjective

- of or relating to Media, the Medes, or their language.

## noun

- a Mede.
- the Iranian language of ancient Media, contemporaneous with Old Persian.

median

/ ˈmiːdɪən /

## adjective

- of, relating to, situated in, or directed towards the middle
- biology of or relating to the plane that divides an organism or organ into symmetrical parts
- statistics of or relating to the median

## noun

- a middle point, plane, or part
- geometry
- a straight line joining one vertex of a triangle to the midpoint of the opposite side See also centroid
- a straight line joining the midpoints of the nonparallel sides of a trapezium

- statistics the middle value in a frequency distribution, below and above which lie values with equal total frequencies
- statistics the middle number or average of the two middle numbers in an ordered sequence of numbers
*7 is the median of both 1, 7, 31 and 2, 5, 9, l6* - Also calledchiefly Britcentral reservation the strip, often covered with grass, that separates the two sides of a highway

median

/ mē**′**dē-ən /

- In a sequence of numbers arranged from smallest to largest:
- The middle number, when such a sequence has an odd number of values. For example, in the sequence 3, 4, 14, 35, 280, the median is 14.
- The average of the two middle numbers, when such a sequence has an even number of values. For example, in the sequence 4, 8, 10, 56, the median is 9 (the average of 8 and 10).

- A line joining a vertex of a triangle to the midpoint of the opposite side.

median

^{1}

- In statistics , the middle value of a set of numbers or data points; half the figures will fall below the median and half above. (
*See*average ;*compare*mean*and*mode .)

median

^{2}

- The point in a series at which half of the values or units of the series are higher and half lower.

## Derived Forms

**ˈmedianly**, adverb

## Other Words From

**medi·an·ly**adverb**post·medi·an**adjective**pre·medi·an**noun adjective**sub·medi·an**adjective

## Word History and Origins

Origin of median^{1}

Origin of median^{2}

## Word History and Origins

Origin of median^{1}

*mediānus,*from

*medius*middle

## Example Sentences

The median household income in many of the affected Louisiana parishes is below $50,000, with poverty rates upwards of 15 percent.

The baseline refers to the median day-value between January 3 and February 6, 2020.

Back in the first half of 2016, the share of nonbrand paid search clicks attributed as broad matches in Google search query reports was up above 25% for the median advertiser.

At the end of April, people were tested at a rate 60 percent higher in areas where the median household income was in the top quartile versus the bottom quartile.

The median price of homes listed right now in Andersonville is $451,443.

This would restore overtime rights to workers earning up to around $50,000 a year, which is roughly the current median.

Unlike most other telemarketers, they have a median net worth of almost $900,000.

Median household income peaked in America in 1999, under Bill Clinton, at $56,080.

The median household income in inflation-adjusted dollars back in 1987 was… well, what do you think?

This chart lists median household income in the United States for every year going back to 1967, when it started being measured.

The epigynum consists of a long epigastric furrow with a large lip-like opening near its median line.

Propodeum openly rugoso-punctate, the median channel single, distinct, no median basin.

Cephalothorax suboval, upper margin strongly concave at the sides and tapering to a point at the median line.

Median Stress, where force is applied to the middle of the concrete, producing a swell, or impressive fulness.

In brief—distinct grounds, and vivid circular or cycloid figures, of no meaning, are here Median laws.

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## Median Vs. Mean Vs. Mode Vs. Average

### What’s the difference between *median*, *mean*, *mode*, and *average*?

In the context of mathematics and statistics, the *median* is the middle number in a set of values when those values are arranged from smallest to largest. In contrast, the word *mean* refers to what’s informally called the *average*—the sum of a set of values divided by the number of values. The *mode* of a set of values is the most frequently repeated value in the set.

The word *average* is of course also very commonly used in more general ways. In math, though, it’s helpful to use more specific terms when determining the most representative or common value in a set of numbers.

To illustrate the difference, let’s look at an example set of seven values: 2, 3, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9.

To get the *mean* of this set, you’d add up all the values (2+3+3+4+6+8+9=35) and then divide that total by the number of values (7), resulting in a *mean* of 5. This is what most people are referring to when they refer to the *average* of some set of numbers.

To find the *median*, you have to find the one that’s sequentially in the middle. In a set of seven numbers arranged in increasing value, the *median* is the fourth number (since there are three before and three after). In this set (2, 3, 3, **4**, 6, 8, 9), the *median* is 4. When a set has an even number of values, the *median* is the *mean* of the two middle values.

The *mode* is simply the value that shows up the most. In the example set, the *mode* is 3, since it occurs twice and all the other values occur only once.

**Want to learn more? Read the full breakdown of the difference between median, mean, mode, and average.**

### Quiz yourself on *median* vs. *mean* vs. *mode* vs. *average*!

**Should median, mean, mode, or average be used in the following sentence?**

*The most frequently repeated test score is 80, so it’s the _____ of the set.*

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