survey

[verb ser-vey; noun sur-vey, ser-vey]
verb (used with object)
  1. to take a general or comprehensive view of or appraise, as a situation, area of study, etc.
  2. to view in detail, especially to inspect, examine, or appraise formally or officially in order to ascertain condition, value, etc.
  3. to conduct a survey of or among: to survey TV viewers.
  4. to determine the exact form, boundaries, position, extent, etc., of (a tract of land, section of a country, etc.) by linear and angular measurements and the application of the principles of geometry and trigonometry.
verb (used without object)
  1. to survey land; practice surveying.
noun, plural sur·veys.
  1. an act or instance of surveying or of taking a comprehensive view of something: The course is a survey of Italian painting.
  2. a formal or official examination of the particulars of something, made in order to ascertain condition, character, etc.
  3. a statement or description embodying the result of this: They presented their survey to the board of directors.
  4. a sampling, or partial collection, of facts, figures, or opinions taken and used to approximate or indicate what a complete collection and analysis might reveal: The survey showed the percentage of the population that planned to vote.
  5. the act of determining the exact form, boundaries, position, etc., as of a tract of land or section of a country, by linear measurements, angular measurements, etc.
  6. the plan or description resulting from such an operation.
  7. an agency for making determinations: U.S. Geological Survey.

Origin of survey

1425–75; late Middle English surveien (v.) < Anglo-French surveier, Middle French surv(e)ier, surveoir to oversee, equivalent to sur- sur-1 + v(e)ier < Latin vidēre to see
Related formssur·vey·a·ble, adjectivepre·sur·vey, nounpre·sur·vey, verb (used with object)self-sur·vey, nounself-sur·veyed, adjectiveun·sur·vey·a·ble, adjectiveun·sur·veyed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for presurvey

survey

verb (sɜːˈveɪ, ˈsɜːveɪ)
  1. (tr) to view or consider in a comprehensive or general wayto survey the situation
  2. (tr) to examine carefully, as or as if to appraise valueto survey oneself in a mirror
  3. to plot a detailed map of (an area of land) by measuring or calculating distances and height
  4. British to inspect a building to determine its condition and value
  5. to examine a vessel thoroughly in order to determine its seaworthiness
  6. (tr) to run a statistical survey on (incomes, opinions, etc)
noun (ˈsɜːveɪ)
  1. a comprehensive or general viewa survey of English literature
  2. a critical, detailed, and formal inspectiona survey of the nation's hospitals
  3. British an inspection of a building to determine its condition and value
  4. a report incorporating the results of such an inspection
    1. a body of surveyors
    2. an area surveyed
  5. statistics a random sample
Derived Formssurveyable, adjective

Word Origin for survey

C15: from French surveoir, from sur- 1 + veoir to see, from Latin vidēre
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for presurvey

survey

v.

late 14c. "to consider, contemplate" (implied in surveyance), from Old French surveeir, from Medieval Latin supervidere "oversee" (see supervise). Meaning "examine the condition of" is from mid-15c. That of "to take linear measurements of a tract of ground" is recorded from 1540s. Related: Surveyed; surveying.

survey

n.

late 15c., survei, "oversight, supervision," from survey (v.). The meaning "act of viewing in detail" is from 1540s. Meaning "systematic collection of data on opinions, etc." is attested from 1927.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper