[ verb ser-vey; noun sur-vey, ser-vey ]
/ verb sərˈveɪ; noun ˈsɜr veɪ, sərˈveɪ /
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verb (used with object)
to take a general or comprehensive view of or appraise, as a situation, area of study, etc.
to view in detail, especially to inspect, examine, or appraise formally or officially in order to ascertain condition, value, etc.
to conduct a survey of or among: to survey TV viewers.
to determine the exact form, boundaries, position, extent, etc., of (a tract of land, section of a country, etc.) by linear and angular measurements and the application of the principles of geometry and trigonometry.
verb (used without object)
to survey land; practice surveying.
noun, plural sur·veys.
an act or instance of surveying or of taking a comprehensive view of something: The course is a survey of Italian painting.
a formal or official examination of the particulars of something, made in order to ascertain condition, character, etc.
a statement or description embodying the result of this: They presented their survey to the board of directors.
a sampling, or partial collection, of facts, figures, or opinions taken and used to approximate or indicate what a complete collection and analysis might reveal: The survey showed the percentage of the population that planned to vote.
the act of determining the exact form, boundaries, position, etc., as of a tract of land or section of a country, by linear measurements, angular measurements, etc.
the plan or description resulting from such an operation.
an agency for making determinations: U.S. Geological Survey.
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Origin of survey
1425–75; late Middle English surveien (v.) <Anglo-French surveier,Middle French surv(e)ier, surveoir to oversee, equivalent to sur-sur-1 + v(e)ier<Latin vidēre to see
OTHER WORDS FROM survey
sur·vey·a·ble, adjectivepre·sur·vey, nounpre·sur·vey, verb (used with object)self-survey, noun
self-sur·veyed, adjectiveun·sur·vey·a·ble, adjectiveun·sur·veyed, adjective
Other definitions for survey (2 of 2)
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2022
British Dictionary definitions for survey
verb (sɜːˈveɪ, ˈsɜːveɪ)
(tr) to view or consider in a comprehensive or general wayto survey the situation
(tr) to examine carefully, as or as if to appraise valueto survey oneself in a mirror
to plot a detailed map of (an area of land) by measuring or calculating distances and height
British to inspect a building to determine its condition and value
to examine a vessel thoroughly in order to determine its seaworthiness
(tr) to run a statistical survey on (incomes, opinions, etc)
a comprehensive or general viewa survey of English literature
a critical, detailed, and formal inspectiona survey of the nation's hospitals
British an inspection of a building to determine its condition and value
a report incorporating the results of such an inspection
- a body of surveyors
- an area surveyed
statistics a random sample
Derived forms of surveysurveyable, adjective
Word Origin for survey
C15: from French surveoir, from sur- 1 + veoir to see, from Latin vidēre
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012