verb (used with or without object)

to coil again.

Origin of re-coil

First recorded in 1860–65; re- + coil1
Can be confusedre-coil recoil


[verb ri-koil; noun ree-koil, ri-koil]

verb (used without object)

to draw back; start or shrink back, as in alarm, horror, or disgust.
to spring or fly back, as in consequence of force of impact or the force of the discharge, as a firearm.
to spring or come back; react (usually followed by on or upon): Plots frequently recoil upon the plotters.
Physics. (of an atom, a nucleus, or a particle) to undergo a change in momentum as a result either of a collision with an atom, a nucleus, or a particle or of the emission of a particle.


an act of recoiling.
the distance through which a weapon moves backward after discharging.

Origin of recoil

1175–1225; Middle English recoilen, reculen (v.) < Old French reculer, equivalent to re- re- + -culer, verbal derivative of cul rump, buttocks; see culet
Related formsre·coil·ing·ly, adverbnon·re·coil, noun
Can be confusedre-coil recoil

Synonyms for recoil

Synonym study

1. See wince1. Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for recoiled

Contemporary Examples of recoiled

Historical Examples of recoiled

  • Vaudemont recoiled before that gaze, and turned from the church.

    Night and Morning, Complete

    Edward Bulwer-Lytton

  • After that he recoiled from hurt because he knew that it was hurt.

    White Fang

    Jack London

  • Sigmund looked surprised, and recoiled a little; a shock clouding his eyes.

    The First Violin

    Jessie Fothergill

  • In astonishment at seeing me, Bersonin recoiled; Detchard jumped to his sword.

  • As Vere saw it, showing redly through the darkness, she recoiled.

    A Spirit in Prison

    Robert Hichens

British Dictionary definitions for recoiled


verb (rɪˈkɔɪl) (intr)

to jerk back, as from an impact or violent thrust
(often foll by from) to draw back in fear, horror, or disgustto recoil from the sight of blood
(foll by on or upon) to go wrong, esp so as to hurt the perpetrator
(of a nucleus, atom, molecule, or elementary particle) to change momentum as a result of the emission of a photon or particle

noun (rɪˈkɔɪl, ˈriːkɔɪl)

  1. the backward movement of a gun when fired
  2. the distance moved
the motion acquired by a particle as a result of its emission of a photon or other particle
the act of recoiling
Derived Formsrecoiler, noun

Word Origin for recoil

C13: from Old French reculer, from re- + cul rump, from Latin cūlus
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for recoiled



c.1300, "retreat," from Old French recul "recoil, backward movement, retreat," from reculer (see recoil (v.)). Meaning "back-kick of a firearm" is from 1570s.



early 13c. (transitive) "force back, drive back," from Old French reculer "to go back, give way, recede, retreat" (12c.), from Vulgar Latin *reculare, from Latin re- "back" (see re-) + culus "backside, bottom, fundament." Meaning "shrink back, retreat" is first recorded c.1300; and that of "spring back" (as a gun) in 1520s. Related: Recoiled; recoiling.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper