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View synonyms for sap

sap

1

[ sap ]

noun

  1. the juice or vital circulating fluid of a plant, especially of a woody plant.
  2. any vital body fluid.
  3. Slang. a fool; sucker; dupe.
  4. Metallurgy. soft metal at the core of a bar of blister steel.


verb (used with object)

, sapped, sap·ping.
  1. to drain the sap from.

sap

2

[ sap ]

noun

  1. Fortification. a deep, narrow trench constructed so as to form an approach to a besieged place or an enemy's position.

verb (used with object)

, sapped, sap·ping.
  1. to undermine; gradually or insidiously weaken or destroy.

    Synonyms: undermine, weaken, tire, impair, enfeeble, enervate, drain, deplete, exhaust

  2. Fortification.
    1. to approach (a besieged place or an enemy position) by means of deep, narrow trenches protected by gabions or parapets.
    2. to dig such trenches in (ground).

verb (used without object)

, sapped, sap·ping.
  1. Fortification. to dig a sap.

sap

3

[ sap ]

noun

  1. a short club with a heavy tip that is used as a weapon; blackjack; bludgeon:

    The burglar carried a set of lockpicks and a sap.

verb (used with object)

  1. to hit (someone) with a club:

    If he tries to sneak out, I'll sap him over the head.

sap

1

/ sæp /

noun

  1. a solution of mineral salts, sugars, etc, that circulates in a plant
  2. any vital body fluid
  3. energy; vigour
  4. slang.
    a gullible or foolish person
  5. another name for sapwood


verb

  1. to drain of sap

sap

2

/ sæp /

noun

  1. a deep and narrow trench used to approach or undermine an enemy position, esp in siege warfare

verb

  1. to undermine (a fortification, etc) by digging saps
  2. tr to weaken

SAP

3

abbreviation for

  1. South African Police

SAP

4

/ sæp /

acronym for

  1. Standard Assessment Procedure, the recognized performance indicator for measuring energy efficiency in buildings

sap

/ săp /

  1. The watery fluid that circulates through a plant that has vascular tissues. Sap moving up the xylem carries water and minerals, while sap moving down the phloem carries water and food.


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Derived Forms

  • ˈsapless, adjective

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Word History and Origins

Origin of sap1

First recorded before 900; Middle English; Old English sæp; cognate with Dutch sap; akin to German Saft juice, Old Norse safi; sap 1indef 5 a shortening of saphead

Origin of sap2

First recorded in 1585–95; from French noun sape “spade, spadework,” derivative of saper “to dig a trench,” from Italian zappare “to undermine,” a military term, based on zappa “hoe”

Origin of sap3

First recorded in 1895–1900; perhaps shortening of sapling or sapwood (used as a tool or weapon)

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Word History and Origins

Origin of sap1

Old English sæp; related to Old High German sapf, German Saft juice, Middle Low German sapp, Sanskrit sabar milk juice

Origin of sap2

C16 zappe, from Italian zappa spade, of uncertain origin; perhaps from Old Italian (dialect) zappo a goat

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Example Sentences

Sugar maple sap has one of the highest sugar concentrations of the maples.

It will take 30 to 50 quarts of sap to produce one quart of syrup, but it’s well worth the trouble.

If your test comes out okay, you can apply these instructions to removing sap from your walkway.

“The milky sap is not dangerous to the touch and is a plant adaptation to trap small insects that are feeding on the plant itself,” said my friend Ben Hoksch, a Monarch researcher and wild food instructor in Ames, Iowa.

Bridgewater staff have learned to protect their chairs from falling tree sap, and replaced their screens and webcams with weather-resistant versions after the original ones failed within a couple of weeks of outdoor exposure.

From Fortune

Anybody with any sap running will probably be out of step with the general parade, at least early on.

Like a picador, he takes his time to sap the strength of his foes before clubbing them unconscious.

An increase in the dividend tax rate is likely to sap the value of stocks whose main appeal is the dividends they throw off.

Put another way, the termination of these benefits will sap $30 billion from the buying power of lower-income American consumers.

AQAP wants to drag America into what it calls another “bleeding war” like Afghanistan and Iraq to sap American resources and will.

All this bubbling of sap and slipping of sheaths and bursting of calyxes was carried to her on mingled currents of fragrance.

“You would sap the very source of human happiness and enterprise,” Professor Fortescue asserted, fantastically.

But now the sap and the strength flow again within me,—now I am young once more.

Let the unopened leaves, cut from the stalk, stand in a cool shady place several days, until the sap has well run.

Spring stole into the heart of the Wabash country and the sap sang again in maples and elms.

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