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shock

1
[ shok ]
/ ʃɒk /
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See synonyms for: shock / shocked / shocker / shocking on Thesaurus.com

noun
verb (used with object)
verb (used without object)
to undergo a shock.
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Origin of shock

1
First recorded in 1565–75; from Middle French choc “armed encounter,” noun derivative of choquer “to clash (in battle),” from Germanic (probably Frankish); compare Dutch schokken “to shake, jolt, jerk”

synonym study for shock

8. Shock, startle, paralyze, stun suggest a sudden, sharp surprise that affects one somewhat like a blow. Shock suggests a strong blow, as it were, to one's nerves, sentiments, sense of decency, etc.: The onlookers were shocked by the accident. Startle implies the sharp surprise of sudden fright: to be startled by a loud noise. Paralyze implies such a complete shock as to render one temporarily helpless: paralyzed with fear. Stun implies such a shock as bewilders or stupefies: stunned by the realization of an unpleasant truth.

OTHER WORDS FROM shock

Other definitions for shock (2 of 3)

shock2
[ shok ]
/ ʃɒk /

noun
a group of sheaves of grain placed on end and supporting one another in the field.
verb (used with object)
to make into shocks.

Origin of shock

2
First recorded in 1300–50; Middle English shok, shocke, shok(k)e; cognate with Middle Low German, Low German scok, schok, all meaning “shock of grain, group of sixty,” German Schock “sixty”

OTHER WORDS FROM shock

shocker, noun

Other definitions for shock (3 of 3)

shock3
[ shok ]
/ ʃɒk /

noun
a thick, bushy mass, as of hair.
Also shock dog . a dog with long, shaggy hair.
adjective
shaggy, as hair.

Origin of shock

3
First recorded in 1815–20; special use of shock2 (the hair being compared to a shock of wheat)
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

How to use shock in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for shock (1 of 3)

shock1
/ (ʃɒk) /

verb
to experience or cause to experience extreme horror, disgust, surprise, etcthe atrocities shocked us; she shocks easily
to cause a state of shock in (a person)
to come or cause to come into violent contact; jar
noun

Derived forms of shock

shockable, adjectiveshockability, noun

Word Origin for shock

C16: from Old French choc, from choquier to make violent contact with, of Germanic origin; related to Middle High German schoc

British Dictionary definitions for shock (2 of 3)

shock2
/ (ʃɒk) /

noun
a number of sheaves set on end in a field to dry
a pile or stack of unthreshed corn
verb
(tr) to set up (sheaves) in shocks

Word Origin for shock

C14: probably of Germanic origin; compare Middle Low German, Middle Dutch schok shock of corn, group of sixty

British Dictionary definitions for shock (3 of 3)

shock3
/ (ʃɒk) /

noun
a thick bushy mass, esp of hair
adjective
rare bushy; shaggy

Word Origin for shock

C19: perhaps from shock ²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medical definitions for shock

shock
[ shŏk ]

n.
v.
To induce a state of physical shock in a person.
To subject a person to an electric shock.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Scientific definitions for shock

shock
[ shŏk ]

An instance of the passage of an electric current through the body. The amount of injury caused by electric shock depends on the type and strength of the current, the length of time the current is applied, and the route the current takes once it enters the body.
A life-threatening condition marked by a severe drop in blood pressure, resulting from serious injury or illness.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Other Idioms and Phrases with shock

shock

see culture shock.

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.
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