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Origin of summer

1
First recorded before 900; Middle English somer, Old English sumor; cognate with Dutch zomer, German Sommer, Old Norse sumar “summer”; akin to Sanskrit sámā “season, half-year, year,” Old Irish sam-, Old Welsh ham, Welsh haf “summer”

OTHER WORDS FROM summer

sum·mer·less, adjective

Other definitions for summer (2 of 2)

summer2
[ suhm-er ]
/ ˈsʌm ər /

noun
a principal beam or girder, as one running between girts to support joists.
a stone laid upon a pier, column, or wall, from which one or more arches spring: usually molded or otherwise treated like the arch or arches springing from it.
a beam or lintel.
Also Obsolete, som·er [suhm-er] /ˈsʌm ər/ for def. 1 .

Origin of summer

2
First recorded in 1275–1325; Middle English somer, from Anglo-French; Old French somier “packhorse, beam,” from unattested Vulgar Latin saumārius, equivalent to Latin sagm(a) “packsaddle” (from Greek ságma ) + -ārius noun suffix; see -ary, -er2
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2022

How to use summer in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for summer (1 of 2)

summer1
/ (ˈsʌmə) /

noun
(sometimes capital)
  1. the warmest season of the year, between spring and autumn, astronomically from the June solstice to the September equinox in the N hemisphere and at the opposite time of year in the S hemisphere
  2. (as modifier)summer flowers; a summer dress Related adjective: aestival
the period of hot weather associated with the summer
a time of blossoming, greatest happiness, etc
mainly poetic a year represented by this seasona child of nine summers
verb
(intr) to spend the summer (at a place)
(tr) to keep or feed (farm animals) during the summerthey summered their cattle on the mountain slopes

Derived forms of summer

Word Origin for summer

Old English sumor; related to Old Frisian sumur, Old Norse sumar, Old High German sumar, Sanskrit samā season

British Dictionary definitions for summer (2 of 2)

summer2
/ (ˈsʌmə) /

noun
Also called: summer tree a large horizontal beam or girder, esp one that supports floor joists
another name for lintel
a stone on the top of a column, pier, or wall that supports an arch or lintel

Word Origin for summer

C14: from Anglo-Norman somer, from Old French somier beam, packhorse, from Late Latin sagmārius (equus) pack(horse), from sagma a packsaddle, from Greek
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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