[ kon-found, kuhn-; for 6 usually kon-found ]
/ kɒnˈfaʊnd, kən-; for 6 usually ˈkɒnˈfaʊnd /
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verb (used with object)
to perplex or amaze, especially by a sudden disturbance or surprise; bewilder; confuse: The complicated directions confounded him.
to throw into confusion or disorder: The revolution confounded the people.
to throw into increased confusion or disorder.
to treat or regard erroneously as identical; mix or associate by mistake: truth confounded with error.
to mingle so that the elements cannot be distinguished or separated.
to damn (used in mild imprecations): Confound it!
to contradict or refute: to confound their arguments.
to put to shame; abash.
- to defeat or overthrow.
- to bring to ruin or naught.
Obsolete. to spend uselessly; waste.
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The rainy weather could not ________ my elated spirits on my graduation day.
Origin of confound
First recorded in 1250–1300; Middle English conf(o)unden, from Anglo-French confoundre, from Latin confundere “to mix,” equivalent to con- con- + fundere “to pour”
OTHER WORDS FROM confound
con·found·a·ble, adjectivecon·found·er, nounin·ter·con·found, verb (used with object)pre·con·found, verb (used with object)
un·con·found, verb (used with object)
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2022
British Dictionary definitions for confound
/ (kənˈfaʊnd) /
to astound or perplex; bewilder
to mix up; confuse
to treat mistakenly as similar to or identical with (one or more other things)
(kɒnˈfaʊnd) to curse or damn (usually as an expletive in the phrase confound it!)
to contradict or refute (an argument, etc)
to rout or defeat (an enemy)
obsolete to waste
Derived forms of confoundconfoundable, adjectiveconfounder, noun
Word Origin for confound
C13: from Old French confondre, from Latin confundere to mingle, pour together, from fundere to pour
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012