[ prez-uhnt ]
/ ˈprɛz ənt /
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being, existing, or occurring at this time or now; current: increasing respect for the present ruler of the small country.
at this time; at hand; immediate: articles for present use.
- noting an action or state occurring at the moment of speaking or writing: Knows is a present form in He knows that.
- noting or relating to a tense or other verb formation with such meaning.
being with one or others or in the specified or understood place: to be present at the wedding.
being here: Is everyone present?
existing or occurring in a place, thing, combination, or the like: Carbon is present in many minerals.
being actually here or under consideration: the present document;the present topic.
being in the mind; recollected: The memories were still present to her mind.
focused on or involved in what one is doing at a particular moment; attentive: When you’re talking to someone, be present instead of thinking about something else.
Obsolete. mentally alert and calm, especially in emergencies.
Obsolete. immediate or instant: present payment.
the present time: She has one foot in the present and one foot in the future.
Grammar. present tense.
presents, Law. the present writings, or this document, used in a deed of conveyance, a lease, etc., to denote the document itself: Know all men by these presents that . . . .
Obsolete. the matter in hand.
OTHER WORDS FOR present
OPPOSITES FOR present
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Idioms about present
at present, at the present time or moment; now: There are no job openings here at present.
for the present, for now; temporarily: For the present, we must be content with matters as they stand.
Origin of present1
First recorded in 1250–1300; from Middle English present(e), presa(u)nt, from Old French present, from Latin praesent- stem of praesēns, present participle of praeesse “to be present, be before others, i.e., to preside, be in charge,” for the adjective; from Middle English present(e), presant “presence (in space or time),” for the noun, partly derivative of the adjective, partly from Old French; see pre-, essence
OTHER WORDS FROM presentpres·ent·ness, noun
Other definitions for present (2 of 2)
[ verb pri-zent; noun prez-uhnt ]
/ verb prɪˈzɛnt; noun ˈprɛz ənt /
verb (used with object)
to furnish or endow with a gift or the like, especially by formal act: to present someone with a gold watch.
to bring, offer, or give, often in a formal or ceremonious way: You'll have to present your passport at the airport.
afford or furnish (an opportunity, possibility, etc.).
to hand over or submit, as a bill or a check, for payment: The waiter presented our bill for lunch.
to introduce (a person) to another, especially in a formal manner: Mrs. Smith, may I present Mr. Jones?
to bring before or introduce to the public: to present a new play.
to come to show (oneself) before a person, at a place, etc.
to show or exhibit: This theater will present films on a larger screen.
to bring forth or render for or before another or others; offer for consideration: to present an alternative plan.
to set forth in words; frame or articulate: to present arguments.
to represent, impersonate, or act, as on the stage.
to direct, point, or turn (something) to something or someone: He presented his back to the audience.
to level or aim (a weapon, especially a firearm).
- to bring against, as a formal charge against a person.
- to bring formally to the notice of the proper authority, as an offense.
British Ecclesiastical. to offer or recommend (a member of the clergy) to the bishop to be granted a benefice.
verb (used without object)
- (of a fetus) to be visible at the cervix during labor: In a normal delivery, the baby’s head presents first.
- (of a medical condition) to be evident from the presence of certain symptoms: Depression often presents with disturbed sleep or appetite.
- (of a patient) to have a certain symptom or medical condition, especially as reported during a medical examination: A 22-year-old man presents with shortness of breath.
noun pres·ent [prez-uhnt] /ˈprɛz ənt/
a thing presented as a gift; gift: Christmas presents.
Origin of present2
First recorded 1200–50; Middle English noun present(e), presant, from Old French present, originally in phrase en present “in presence”; Middle English verb presenten, present(e), from Old French presenter, from Medieval Latin praesentāre “to give, show, present for approval,” Latin: “to exhibit (to the mind or senses),” derivative of praesēns; see origin at present1
synonym study for present
1. See give. 17. Present, gift, donation, bonus refer to something freely given. Present and gift are both used of something given as an expression of affection, friendship, interest, or respect. Present is the less formal; gift is generally used of something conferred (especially with ceremony) on an individual, a group, or an institution: a birthday present; a gift to a bride. Donation applies to an important gift, most often of money and usually of considerable size, though the term is often used in speaking of small gifts to or for people who need help: a donation to an endowment fund, to the Red Cross. Bonus applies to something, again usually money, given in addition to what is due, especially to employees who have worked for a long time or particularly well: a bonus at the end of the year.
OTHER WORDS FROM presentself-pre·sent·ed, adjectiveun·pre·sent·ed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023
How to use present in a sentence
You have to know or learn the community that is going to be impacted by what you’re presenting.Plight at the Museum|Jen Trolio|November 20, 2020|Vox
Hiding in plain sight may present some challenges for the plant.These plants seem like they’re trying to hide from people|Jonathan Lambert|November 20, 2020|Science News
The kinds that present themselves in all sorts of weird ways, since grief has a weird way of playing on our heartstrings.The sad science of pandemic grief|Sy Mukherjee|November 19, 2020|Fortune
I presented this work at an advertising conference back in January in Australia, when we could all still travel.Does Advertising Actually Work? (Part 1: TV) (Ep. 440)|Stephen J. Dubner|November 19, 2020|Freakonomics
Paying for those rights has presented its own pricing challenge.Nearly 50% of new Disney+ customers are in India and Indonesia—and they pay far less than U.S. users|Claire Zillman, reporter|November 13, 2020|Fortune
The letter of introduction to Madame Vauchelet had remained unpresented.The Daughters of Danaus|Mona Caird
British Dictionary definitions for present (1 of 2)
/ (ˈprɛzənt) /
(prenominal) in existence at the moment in time at which an utterance is spoken or written
(postpositive) being in a specified place, thing, etcthe murderer is present in this room
(prenominal) now in consideration or under discussionthe present topic; the present author
grammar denoting a tense of verbs used when the action or event described is occurring at the time of utterance or when the speaker does not wish to make any explicit temporal reference
archaic readily available; instantpresent help is at hand
archaic mentally alert; attentive
the present the time being; now
- the present tense
- a verb in this tense
at present at the moment; now
for the present for the time being; temporarily
See also presents
Word Origin for present
C13: from Latin praesens, from praeesse to be in front of, from prae- before, in front + esse to be
British Dictionary definitions for present (2 of 2)
verb (prɪˈzɛnt) (mainly tr)
to introduce (a person) to another, esp to someone of higher rank
to introduce to the publicto present a play
to introduce and compere (a radio or television show)
to show; exhibithe presented a brave face to the world
to put forward; submitshe presented a proposal for a new book
to bring or suggest to the mindto present a problem
to give or awardto present a prize
to endow with or as if with a gift or awardto present a university with a foundation scholarship
to offer formallyto present one's compliments
to offer or hand over for action or settlementto present a bill
to represent or depict in a particular mannerthe actor presented Hamlet as a very young man
to salute someone with (one's weapon) (usually in the phrase present arms)
to aim or point (a weapon)
to nominate (a clergyman) to a bishop for institution to a benefice in his diocese
to lay (a charge, etc) before a court, magistrate, etc, for consideration or trial
to bring a formal charge or accusation against (a person); indict
mainly US (of a grand jury) to take notice of (an offence) from personal knowledge or observation, before any bill of indictment has been drawn up
(intr) med to seek treatment for a particular symptom or problemshe presented with postnatal depression
(intr) informal to produce a favourable, etc impressionshe presents well in public; he presents as harmless but has poisoned his family
present oneself to appear, esp at a specific time and place
anything that is presented; a gift
make someone a present of something to give someone somethingI'll make you a present of a new car
Word Origin for present
C13: from Old French presenter, from Latin praesentāre to exhibit, offer, from praesens present 1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Other Idioms and Phrases with present
see all present and accounted for; at present; for the moment (present); no time like the present.
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.