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vibrate

[vahy-breyt]
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verb (used without object), vi·brat·ed, vi·brat·ing.
  1. to move rhythmically and steadily to and fro, as a pendulum; oscillate.
  2. to move to and fro or up and down quickly and repeatedly; quiver; tremble.
  3. (of sounds) to produce or have a quivering or vibratory effect; resound.
  4. to thrill, as in emotional response.
  5. to move between alternatives or extremes; fluctuate; vacillate.
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verb (used with object), vi·brat·ed, vi·brat·ing.
  1. to cause to move rhythmically and steadily to and fro, swing, or oscillate.
  2. to cause to move to and fro or up and down quickly and repeatedly; cause to quiver or tremble.
  3. to give forth or emit by, or as by, vibration.
  4. to measure or indicate by vibration or oscillation: a pendulum vibrating seconds.
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Origin of vibrate

1610–20; < Latin vibrātus (past participle of vibrāre to move to and fro); see -ate1
Related formsvi·brat·ing·ly, adverbnon·vi·brat·ing, adjectivere·vi·brate, verb, re·vi·brat·ed, re·vi·brat·ing.un·vi·brat·ed, adjectiveun·vi·brat·ing, adjective

Synonyms

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2. See shake. 3. echo.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for vibrate

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • Worst of all, his mouth was open, and his chest could be seen to vibrate as he panted.

  • At last a word struck him, and made his whole soul to vibrate.

    A Son of Hagar

    Sir Hall Caine

  • Its deep rumble made the whole night vibrate like a bass string.

    Lord Jim

    Joseph Conrad

  • These and your tongue and lips make the air in front of you vibrate.

    Common Science

    Carleton W. Washburne

  • If the vocal cords of your throat did not vibrate, you could not talk out loud.

    Common Science

    Carleton W. Washburne


British Dictionary definitions for vibrate

vibrate

verb
  1. to move or cause to move back and forth rapidly; shake, quiver, or throb
  2. (intr) to oscillate
  3. to send out (a sound) by vibration; resonate or cause to resonate
  4. (intr) to waver
  5. physics to undergo or cause to undergo an oscillatory or periodic process, as of an alternating current; oscillate
  6. (intr) rare to respond emotionally; thrill
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Derived Formsvibratile (ˈvaɪbrəˌtaɪl), adjectivevibrating, adjectivevibratingly, adverbvibratory, adjective

Word Origin

C17: from Latin vibrāre
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for vibrate

v.

1610s, from Latin vibratus, past participle of vibrare "move quickly to and fro, shake," from PIE *w(e)ib- "move quickly to and fro" (cf. Lithuanian wyburiu "to wag" (the tail), Danish vippe, Dutch wippen "to swing," Old English wipan "to wipe"). Related: Vibrated; vibrating.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper