zircon

[ zur-kon ]
/ ˈzɜr kɒn /

noun

a common mineral, zirconium silicate, ZrSiO4, occurring in small tetragonal crystals or grains of various colors, usually opaque: used as a refractory when opaque and as a gem when transparent.

Nearby words

  1. zipporah,
  2. zippy,
  3. ziram,
  4. zircalloy,
  5. zircaloy,
  6. zirconia,
  7. zirconic,
  8. zirconium,
  9. zirconium oxide,
  10. zirconyl

Origin of zircon

1785–95; < German Zirkon; see jargon2

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for zircon


British Dictionary definitions for zircon

zircon

/ (ˈzɜːkɒn) /

noun

a reddish-brown, grey, green, blue, or colourless hard mineral consisting of zirconium silicate in tetragonal crystalline form with hafnium and some rare earths as impurities. It occurs principally in igneous rocks and is an important source of zirconium, zirconia, and hafnia: it is used as a gemstone and a refractory. Formula: ZrSiO 4

Word Origin for zircon

C18: from German Zirkon, from French jargon, via Italian and Arabic, from Persian zargūn golden

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for zircon

zircon

n.

1794, new name given in chemistry to jacinth, from German Zirkon (cf. French jargon, Italian giargone), from Arabic zarqun "cinnabar, bright red," from Persian zargun "gold-colored," from Avestan zari- "gold-colored," from zar "gold."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Science definitions for zircon

zircon

[ zûrkŏn′ ]

A brown, reddish to bluish, gray, green, or colorless tetragonal mineral that occurs in igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks, and especially in sand. The colorless varieties are valued as gems. Chemical formula: ZrSiO4.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.