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affliction

[uh-flik-shuh n]
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noun
  1. a state of pain, distress, or grief; misery: They sympathized with us in our affliction.
  2. a cause of mental or bodily pain, as sickness, loss, calamity, or persecution.
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Origin of affliction

1300–50; Middle English affliccioun < Latin afflīctiōn- (stem of afflīctiō). See afflict, -ion
Related formsaf·flic·tion·less, adjectiveo·ver·af·flic·tion, nounpre·af·flic·tion, noun

Synonyms

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2. mishap, trouble, tribulation, calamity, catastrophe, disaster.

Synonym study

2. Affliction, adversity, misfortune, trial refer to an event or circumstance that is hard to bear. A misfortune is any adverse or unfavorable occurrence: He had the misfortune to break his leg. Affliction suggests not only a serious misfortune but the emotional effect of this: Blindness is an affliction. Adversity suggests a calamity or distress: Job remained patient despite all his adversities. Trial emphasizes the testing of one's character in undergoing misfortunes, trouble, etc.: His son's conduct was a great trial to him.

Antonyms

1. relief, comfort, solace.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for affliction

affliction

noun
  1. a condition of great distress, pain, or suffering
  2. something responsible for physical or mental suffering, such as a disease, grief, etc
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for affliction

n.

c.1300, from Old French afliction (11c.), from Latin afflictionem (nominative afflictio), noun of action from past participle stem of affligere (see afflict).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper