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deceive

[dih-seev]
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verb (used with object), de·ceived, de·ceiv·ing.
  1. to mislead by a false appearance or statement; delude: They deceived the enemy by disguising the destroyer as a freighter.
  2. to be unfaithful to (one's spouse or lover).
  3. Archaic. to while away (time).
verb (used without object), de·ceived, de·ceiv·ing.
  1. to mislead or falsely persuade others; practice deceit: an engaging manner that easily deceives.

Origin of deceive

1250–1300; Middle English deceiven < Old French deceivre < Latin dēcipere, literally, to ensnare, equivalent to dē- de- + -cipere, combining form of capere to take
Related formsde·ceiv·a·ble·ness, de·ceiv·a·bil·i·ty, nounde·ceiv·a·bly, adverbde·ceiv·er, nounde·ceiv·ing·ly, adverbin·ter·de·ceive, verb, in·ter·de·ceived, in·ter·de·ceiv·ing.non·de·ceiv·ing, adjectivepre·de·ceive, verb (used with object), pre·de·ceived, pre·de·ceiv·ing.pre·de·ceiv·er, nounre·de·ceive, verb (used with object), re·de·ceived, re·de·ceiv·ing.well-de·ceived, adjective

Synonyms

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1. cozen, dupe, fool, gull, hoodwink, trick, defraud, outwit, entrap, ensnare, betray.

Synonym study

1. See cheat.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for deceive

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • I have more than once tried to deceive you, but you will feel that I am not now speaking falsely.

    Philothea

    Lydia Maria Child

  • But even in early manhood he never sought to deceive himself.

  • At the last push of fate Shakespeare will pose and deceive himself.

  • She tries to deceive Caesar as to her wealth, and is shamed by her treasurer Seleucus.

  • If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.


British Dictionary definitions for deceive

deceive

verb (tr)
  1. to mislead by deliberate misrepresentation or lies
  2. to delude (oneself)
  3. to be unfaithful to (one's sexual partner)
  4. archaic to disappointhis hopes were deceived
Derived Formsdeceivable, adjectivedeceivably, adverbdeceivableness or deceivability, noundeceiver, noundeceiving, noun, adjectivedeceivingly, adverb

Word Origin

C13: from Old French deceivre, from Latin dēcipere to ensnare, cheat, from capere to take
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for deceive

v.

c.1300, from Old French decevoir (12c., Modern French décevoir) "to deceive," from Latin decipere "to ensnare, take in, beguile, cheat," from de- "from" or pejorative + capere "to take" (see capable). Related: Deceived; deceiver; deceiving.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

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