- a public officer authorized to hear and decide cases in a court of law; a magistrate charged with the administration of justice.
- a person appointed to decide in any competition, contest, or matter at issue; authorized arbiter: the judges of a beauty contest.
- a person qualified to pass a critical judgment: a good judge of horses.
- an administrative head of Israel in the period between the death of Joshua and the accession to the throne by Saul.
- (especially in rural areas) a county official with supervisory duties, often employed part-time or on an honorary basis.
- to pass legal judgment on; pass sentence on (a person): The court judged him guilty.
- to hear evidence or legal arguments in (a case) in order to pass judgment; adjudicate; try: The Supreme Court is judging that case.
- to form a judgment or opinion of; decide upon critically: You can't judge a book by its cover.
- to decide or settle authoritatively; adjudge: The censor judged the book obscene and forbade its sale.
- to infer, think, or hold as an opinion; conclude about or assess: He judged her to be correct.
- to make a careful guess about; estimate: We judged the distance to be about four miles.
- (of the ancient Hebrew judges) to govern.
Origin of judge
SynonymsSee more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
- Alan L(aVern),born 1932, U.S. astronaut.
- RoyJudge, 1825?–1903, U.S. frontiersman and justice of the peace: called himself “the law west of the Pecos.”
Examples from the Web for judge
Meanwhile, almost exactly 30 years after the trial, the judge left his home to board a steamboat and was never heard from again.New York’s Most Tragic Ghost Loves Minimalist Swedish Fashion
January 8, 2015
“I think it is important to say it is too soon to judge success or failure,” said Col. Steven Warren, a Pentagon spokesman.Pentagon Doesn’t Know How Many People It’s Killed in the ISIS War
Nancy A. Youssef
January 7, 2015
Judge Hinkle said “the Constitution requires the Clerk to issue such licenses.”The Back Alley, Low Blow-Ridden Fight to Stop Gay Marriage in Florida Is Finally Over
January 5, 2015
To judge her acting abilities for yourself, check out her videos on YouTube for “Sex Shooter.”Speed Read: The Juiciest Bits From the History of ‘Purple Rain’
January 1, 2015
With no record and no warrants, he was given a four-figure bond by a judge the next morning.What Would Happen if I Got in White Cop’s Face?
December 30, 2014
I threw off all reserve--about half a pound, I should judge.
In front of Judge Gould's office the combat was at its height.Harriet, The Moses of Her People
Sarah H. Bradford
I should judge from what I saw of the truth of his communications.
It was simply impossible to judge with any accuracy of the distance of the ship.Malbone
Thomas Wentworth Higginson
On that foul throng that wrought them wrong—on Jury and on Judge!
- a public official with authority to hear cases in a court of law and pronounce judgment upon themCompare magistrate (def. 1), justice (def. 5), justice (def. 6) Related adjective: judicial
- a person who is appointed to determine the result of contests or competitions
- a person qualified to comment criticallya good judge of antiques
- a leader of the peoples of Israel from Joshua's death to the accession of Saul
- to hear and decide upon (a case at law)
- (tr) to pass judgment on; sentence
- (when tr, may take a clause as object or an infinitive) to decide or deem (something) after inquiry or deliberation
- to determine the result of (a contest or competition)
- to appraise (something) critically
- (tr; takes a clause as object) to believe (something) to be the case; suspect
- any of various leguminous plants of the widely cultivated genus Phaseolus producing edible seeds in podsSee French bean, lima bean, scarlet runner, string bean
- any of several other leguminous plants that bear edible pods or seeds, such as the broad bean and soya bean
- any of various other plants whose seeds are produced in pods or podlike fruits
- the seed or pod of any of these plants
- any of various beanlike seeds, such as coffee
- US and Canadian slang another word for head
- cool beans slang excellent; impressive
- not have a bean slang to be without moneyI haven't got a bean
- full of beans informal
- full of energy and vitality
- USmistaken; erroneous
- spill the beans informal to disclose something confidential
- mainly US and Canadian slang (tr) to hit (a person) on the head
Word Origin and History for judge
c.1300, "to form an opinion about; make a decision," also "to try and pronounce sentence upon (someone) in a court," from Anglo-French juger, Old French jugier "to judge, pronounce judgment; pass an opinion on," from Latin iudicare "to judge, to examine officially; form an opinion upon; pronounce judgment," from iudicem (nominative iudex) "a judge," a compound of ius "right, law" (see just (adj.)) + root of dicere "to say" (see diction). Related: Judged; judging. From mid-14c. as "to regard, consider." The Old English word was deman (see doom). Spelling with -dg- emerged mid-15c.
mid-14c. (early 13c. as a surname), also judge-man; see judge (v.). In Hebrew history, it refers to a war leader vested with temporary power (e.g. Book of Judges), from Latin iudex being used to translate Hebrew shophet.
Old English bean "bean, pea, legume," from Proto-Germanic *bauno (cf. Old Norse baun, Middle Dutch bone, Dutch boon, Old High German bona, German Bohne), perhaps from a PIE reduplicated base *bha-bha- and related to Latin faba "bean."
As a metaphor for "something of small value" it is attested from c.1300. Meaning "head" is U.S. baseball slang c.1905 (in bean-ball "a pitch thrown at the head"); thus slang verb bean meaning "to hit on the head," attested from 1910.
The notion of lucky or magic beans in English folklore is from the exotic beans or large seeds that wash up occasionally in Cornwall and western Scotland, carried from the Caribbean or South America by the Gulf Stream. They were cherished, believed to ward off the evil eye and aid in childbirth.
Slang bean-counter "accountant" recorded by 1971. To not know beans (American English, 1933) is perhaps from the "of little worth" sense, but may have a connection to colloquial expression recorded around Somerset, to know how many beans make five "be a clever fellow."