verb (used with object), as·sumed, as·sum·ing.
verb (used without object), as·sumed, as·sum·ing.
QUIZ YOURSELF ON “THEIR,” “THERE,” AND “THEY’RE”
Origin of assume
synonym study for assume
OTHER WORDS FROM assumeas·sum·er, nouno·ver·as·sume, verb (used with object), o·ver·as·sumed, o·ver·as·sum·ing.pre·as·sume, verb (used with object), pre·as·sumed, pre·as·sum·ing.re·as·sume, verb (used with object), re·as·sumed, re·as·sum·ing.
Words nearby assume
ASSUME VS. PRESUME
What's the difference between assume and presume?
Assume and presume have very similar meanings—they both mean to suppose that something is true without being able to confirm it. Assume, however, usually implies that the conclusion reached by the person doing the assuming is not based on much. Presume, on the other hand, often implies that the conclusion is based on something a bit stronger, such as some evidence or past situations in which the same thing happened.
For example, you might presume that someone will be attending a meeting because they always attend and you have no reason to think they won’t be there. The word assume could also be used in this scenario, but it’s most likely to be used in situations in which there was less of a reason to have come to a certain conclusion. For example, you might assume something about someone you’ve just met based only on how they look (which is never a good idea).
A good way to remember this difference in how the two words are used is that the prefix pre- in presume means “before”—when you presume things, you’re often basing that presumption on something that has happened before. As for assume, well, we’ll just assume you know a good way of remembering how it’s used.
Assume and presume also have a few meanings that don’t overlap. Assume can mean to take on, adopt, or be endowed with something, as in I don’t want to assume any new responsibilities. Presume can mean to undertake or do something without permission or justification, as in I don’t presume to speak for the entire class.
Here are examples of assume and presume used correctly in a sentence.
Example: I assumed you knew what you were doing when you volunteered to bake the cake, but apparently I shouldn’t have.
Example: I presumed, based on your resume, that you knew how to work with this software.
Want to learn more? Read the full breakdown of the difference between assume and presume.
Quiz yourself on assume vs. presume!
Is assume or presume the better choice in the following sentence?
We don’t know anything, so we shouldn’t _____ anything.
Example sentences from the Web for assume
Bishop Garrison, assuming a newly created role, will directly advise Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin on diversity and inclusion issues.The Pentagon is taking a major step to deal with its diversity problems|Alex Ward|February 12, 2021|Vox
Covington, who began disparaging Usman months before their fight, assumed a more vitriolic tone than Woodley, provoking several confrontations including one in the Palms Casino Resort buffet line the day after Usman defeated Woodley.As Kamaru Usman edges toward UFC greatness, his former teammate wants to stop him|Glynn A. Hill|February 12, 2021|Washington Post
Since you assume your benefits are on hold, and you know nothing about the scammer's lies and schemes to steal your identity, you're unaware that your payments are being illegally sent to the scammers.Hints From Heloise: New scam tied to coronavirus pandemic|Heloise Heloise|February 12, 2021|Washington Post
According to the authors, it's generally been assumed that whichever creature inflicts the most damage wins the fight.Caged heat: Mesquite bugs battle in a plastic cup—for science!|Jennifer Ouellette|February 11, 2021|Ars Technica
A parent will always assume that it is their child’s friend who suggested doing the prohibited thing, not their beloved progeny.Half of Republicans say that the Capitol violence was mostly antifa’s fault|Philip Bump|February 11, 2021|Washington Post
When our elected representatives assume their respective offices, they take an oath to “protect and defend the Constitution.”
Nor should we ever assume that weather alone, however extreme, should be fatal to a commercial flight.
Campaigns like opechatesgays.com assume that LGBT people are an interest group with only one interest: their own.How Canadian Oilmen Pinkwash the Keystone Pipeline|Jay Michaelson|December 28, 2014|DAILY BEAST
It occurs to me that Mount must assume that Hitchcock has read it--after all, it came from him.Alfred Hitchcock’s Fade to Black: The Great Director’s Final Days|David Freeman|December 13, 2014|DAILY BEAST
Now that I am free, I have Medicaid and doctors no longer assume I am malingering.
Many adults assume that a child can look at a landscape as they look at it, taking in the whole picturesque effect.Children's Ways|James Sully
It will be found that as a whole they assume a flat position, and are very easily handled.How to Know the Ferns|S. Leonard Bastin
He was told that a son must not play in his father's presence, nor assume free or easy posture before him.Our Little Korean Cousin|H. Lee M. Pike
When people argue in this strain, I immediately assume the offensive.
We may fairly assume the presence here of one or two, if not more, assistants, besides a pupil or improver.Antonio Stradivari|Horace William Petherick