Origin of cis
Words nearby cis
Other definitions for cis (2 of 3)
Origin of cis-
Other definitions for cis (3 of 3)
ABOUT THIS WORD
What does cis mean?
Cis is short for cissexual or, more commonly, cisgender, which refers to someone’s gender identity that corresponds to their sex as assigned at birth. Cisgender is the opposite of transgender.
Where did the term cis come from?
Cissexual was coined in the mid 1990s by a German sexologist. He used the Latin preposition cis, meaning “on this side of,” as a contrast to transsexual, trans being the Latin for “on the other side of” or “across.”
The phrase, eventually morphing into cisgender, picked up steam in gender and sexuality studies throughout the late 1990s and early 2000s. However, it didn’t enter the mainstream until the 2010s. This was due to a variety of factors, such as the rise of social-justice-oriented social-media platforms like Tumblr and important LGBTQ rights debates (e.g., bathroom access and military service), both contributing toward greater visibility for trans individuals. This in turn, made those who were cisgender realize their own positionality.
Cisgender was added to major dictionaries in the 2010s and is commonly shortened to cis in everyday contexts. In 2014, Facebook offered custom gender options for users, including cisgender or cis. Cisgender helps provide greater visibility for and inclusivity of transgender and nonbinary people because it doesn’t assume gender refers only to traditional male-female gender assignments. People often now ask others to use their identified pronoun options such as he/him/his, she/her/hers, and they/them/theirs.
Some other terms that have become associated with cis in include cissexism and cisgender privilege. Cissexism is the belief that being transgender is inferior to being cisgender. Cisgender privilege is the unearned advantages that cisgender individuals have due to being cis.
There is some controversy over whether or not cis is offensive. Some believe that it continues to promote the gender binary and the male/female divide. There has been controversy over the decision to cast cis actors in transgender roles. Outrage erupted in summer 2018 when actor Scarlett Johansson was originally cast to play a trans man, Dante “Tex” Gill, in the upcoming movie Rub & Tug. Ultimately, she turned down the role, but this isn’t the first time a cisgender actor played a trans character. In 2014, Jared Leto won an Oscar for playing a trans woman in the 2013 Dallas Buyers Club.
How to use the term cis
Cis is commonly used in the discussion of cisgender privilege. People will often compare the experiences of transgender people to the experiences of cisgender people. It can often be to make a point about the systemic inequalities of gender-normative and heteronormative society.
All privilege (thin, white, male, abled, hetero, rich, cis, etc) isn’t about how you feel, or even about who you are, y’all.
It’s about unspoken advantages you get for looking a certain way. https://t.co/q5V9lvI7FM
— R Tuesday Badell (@AmericanoOnLine) July 23, 2018
Cis folks can recognize their privilege by calling out the fact that they are indeed cis.
I've been challenged in the toilet a few times. Im tall. I have short hair. And when it happens I look the challenger straight in the eye and say 'pardon' to see if they will take it further. But that's my privlege as a CIS woman. Just basically leave women in toilets alone. https://t.co/ojxcVjrBRd
— Dr Elisha Foust 🏳️🌈 (@allthingsFoust) June 10, 2018
I am a cis woman. I do not need protection from trans women in women's restrooms. Don't you dare pass these laws in my name.
— Jessica Price (@Delafina777) March 24, 2016
In line with cisgender privilege, some users may reference cis as a way to talk about gender oppression. They may make statements about the biases of the cis population as a whole when talking about discrimination or the difficulty of being trans or nonbinary.
hey cis ppl stop misgendering trans people its actual violence..especially when someone has told you repeatedly their prounouns
— H (@heavybagofbones) August 3, 2016
More examples of cis:
“What transgender women in tech can teach cisgender women (and vice versa)”
—Lauren Schiller, Salon (headline), July 2018
This content is not meant to be a formal definition of this term. Rather, it is an informal summary that seeks to provide supplemental information and context important to know or keep in mind about the term’s history, meaning, and usage.
How to use cis in a sentence
Numbers USA, FAIR, and CIS were all part of the effort that successfully defeated the DREAM Act in the Senate in 2010.Inside The Center For Immigration Studies, The Immigration False-Fact Think Tank|Caitlin Dickson|May 15, 2014|DAILY BEAST
Cis- all of these terms capture that a person is not trans or does not have a gender diverse identity or presentation.What Each of Facebook’s 51 New Gender Options Means|Debby Herbenick PhD, Aleta Baldwin|February 15, 2014|DAILY BEAST
Cis Male (see also Cis Man, Cisgender Male, Cisgender Man); a male who identifies as a man/has a masculine gender identity.What Each of Facebook’s 51 New Gender Options Means|Debby Herbenick PhD, Aleta Baldwin|February 15, 2014|DAILY BEAST
When cis men tell me these things, it honestly makes me a little sad.
While cis dykes have generally shown little interest in me, my experiences with cis men have in comparison gone rather swimmingly.
When 'Tom came home from labour and Cis from milking rose,' there was now no more sound of tabor, nor 'merrily went their toes.''That Very Mab'|May Kendall and Andrew Lang
Therefore Mr. Posket and Cis are put into an adjoining room.Dramatic Technique|George Pierce Baker
"The kind of man I adore," Miss Cis said joyfully, though anybody that knew her well 124 could tell she was fooling.
Remembering how they had been teasing Miss Cis about him I kept my eye on her from the minute he walked through the door.
She took a good look at him, then called Miss Cis into the hall to speak her opinion.