[ kleym ]
/ kleɪm /
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See synonyms for: claim / claimed / claiming / claims on Thesaurus.com

verb (used with object)
verb (used without object)
to make or file a claim: to claim for additional compensation.
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Idioms about claim

    lay claim to, to declare oneself entitled to: I have never laid claim to being an expert in tax laws.

Origin of claim

First recorded in 1250–1300; (verb) Middle English claimen, from Anglo-French, Old French claimer, from Latin clāmāre “to cry out”; (noun) Middle English, from Anglo-French, Old French cla(i)me; the noun is derivative of the verb

synonym study for claim

1. See demand.

historical usage of claim

The English noun claim comes from the verb, which in turn comes from the Old French verb clamer (stem claim- ) “to summon to law, affirm vigorously,” from the Latin verb clāmāre “to shout, accompany with shouts, shout the name of.”
The verb claim originally meant “to assert a legal right, to make a demand for something that is one’s due.” In the 19th century, claim developed a looser, less strict sense, especially in American usage, “to make an unsubstantiated statement; assert or maintain as a fact,” a meaning considered inelegant at that time but also one that occurs in the writings of Chaucer.
The legal term quitclaim meaning “to quit or give up a right or claim” dates from the 14th century in England. The noun claim meaning “a request or demand for payment in accordance with an insurance policy” dates from the 19th century.
Just as we intuitively understand the relationship between claim and quitclaim, it's pretty clear how the words acclaim, reclaim, proclaim, etc., are related in meaning and etymology to claim.


Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023


What does claim mean?

To claim something is to maintain that the something is a fact, as in The company claims its product cures hiccups.

A claim is the assertion of a fact, as in The claim that Shayna has a beautiful voice was proved when she began to sing.

To claim is also to demand one’s right to something, such as to claim payment for a service given.

As a noun, this claim can be the demand for that something, such as a claim on your time.

Example: My ancestors laid claim to this land decades ago and I don’t plan on letting it go any time soon.

Where does claim come from?

The first records of the term claim come from around 1250. It ultimately comes from the Latin clāmāre, meaning “to cry out.”

A claim can be a formal request for something owed or due, such as a claim to the legal ownership of a property. You might make a claim that an item was damaged on arrival through the seller’s form, which would make you eligible for a replacement or a refund.

Laying claim to something means to describe yourself as entitled to that thing. For example when a scientist develops a new theory and publishes it, they have laid claim to their academic findings.

Did you know … ?

What are some other forms related to claim?

  • claimable (adjective)
  • claimless (adjective)
  • misclaim (verb)
  • nonclaimable (adjective)

What are some synonyms for claim?

What are some words that share a root or word element with claim

What are some words that often get used in discussing claim?

How is claim used in real life?

Claim is usually used in relation to legal or official situations.

Try using claim!

True or False?

To make a claim is to give up all rights to something.

How to use claim in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for claim

/ (kleɪm) /

verb (mainly tr)

Derived forms of claim

claimable, adjectiveclaimer, noun

Word Origin for claim

C13: from Old French claimer to call, appeal, from Latin clāmāre to shout
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Other Idioms and Phrases with claim


The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.