etiology

or ae·ti·ol·o·gy

[ ee-tee-ol-uh-jee ]
/ ˌi tiˈɒl ə dʒi /

noun, plural e·ti·ol·o·gies.

Pathology.
  1. the study of the causes of diseases.
  2. the cause or origin of a disease.
the study of causation.
any study of causes, causation, or causality, as in philosophy, biology, or physics.

Nearby words

  1. etic,
  2. etidronate disodium,
  3. etiolate,
  4. etiolation,
  5. etiologic,
  6. etiquette,
  7. etna,
  8. eto,
  9. eton,
  10. eton collar

Origin of etiology

1545–55; < Latin aetiologia < Greek aitiología determining the cause of something, equivalent to aití(a) cause + -o- -o- + -logia -logy

Related formse·ti·ol·o·gist, noun

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for etiology


British Dictionary definitions for etiology

etiology

/ (ˌiːtɪˈɒlədʒɪ) /

noun plural -gies

a variant spelling of aetiology
Derived Formsetiological (ˌiːtɪəˈlɒdʒɪkəl), adjectiveetiologically, adverbetiologist, noun

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for etiology

etiology

n.

"science of causes or causation," 1550s, from Late Latin aetiologia, from Greek aitiologia "statement of cause," from aitia "cause" + -logia "a speaking" (see -logy). Related: Etiologic; etiological.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for etiology

etiology

n.

The science and study of the causes or origins of disease.
The cause or origin of a disease or disorder as determined by medical diagnosis.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for etiology

etiology

[ ē′tē-ŏlə-jē ]

The cause or origin of a disease, condition, or constellation of symptoms or signs, as determined by medical diagnosis or research.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.