noun, plural e·ti·ol·o·gies.
- the study of the causes of diseases.
- the cause or origin of a disease.
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Origin of etiology
OTHER WORDS FROM etiologye·ti·ol·o·gist, noun
Words nearby etiology
What does etiology mean?
The etiology of a disease is its cause or origin.
Etiology is also the name for the study of the causes of diseases. It can also refer to the study of the cause of things in other fields, such as philosophy and physics. But it is most commonly used in the context of medicine. In British English, it is spelled aetiology.
Example: The doctors have taken some samples and are working to determine the etiology of the disease.
Where does etiology come from?
The first records of etiology in English come from the mid-1500s. Etiology derives from the Greek aitiología, meaning “determining the cause of something.” This is formed from aitía, “cause,” and –logia, which is the basis of -logy, which indicates the study of something.
In medicine, etiology involves studying the factors that cause a disease. This is done for individual patients to determine how they became sick and to diagnose their illness. But it is also done on a broader scale to determine the origin of diseases. Epidemiologists study how diseases spread throughout large populations and try to detect the source and cause of epidemics.
When a cause of a disease is determined, this is called its etiology. For example, the etiology of cholera is known to be a bacterium that contaminates food and drinking water in places with poor sanitation.
Although etiology is most commonly used in medicine, it can also be used in the context of any field in which the causes of things are studied. An example of etiology in psychology is the study of the causes of mental disorders.
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What are some other forms related to etiology?
- aetiology (British English spelling)
- etiological (adjective)
- etiologically (adverb)
- etiologist (noun)
What are some words that share a root or word element with etiology?
What are some words that often get used in discussing etiology?
How is etiology used in real life?
Etiology is a formal, technical word that’s primarily used in medicine, but it can be used in other contexts as well.
Dementia is a general observation of mental decline available to any sharp observer. You need the MD to diagnose this condition’s etiology. There are MANY possible causes of dementia.
— Horse Sense (@mabian) March 9, 2020
Although the exact etiology, or cause, of stuttering is unknown, both genetics and neurophysiology are thought to contribute.
— Stutter No More (@StutterNoMore) April 8, 2020
“If the Jew did not exist, the anti-Semite would invent him.”
― Jean-Paul Sartre, Anti-Semite and Jew: An Exploration of the Etiology of Hate
— ZahnZee (@Zahn_Zee) April 6, 2020
Try using etiology!
Is etiology used correctly in the following sentence?
The etiology of a disease isn’t always so simple—sometimes there are multiple factors.
Example sentences from the Web for etiology
It seems to be part of its etiology, its moral and social origins and effects.The virus caused more than a pandemic. It set us all ablaze.|Philip Kennicott|February 5, 2021|Washington Post
What we do know is that, speaking generally, there are multiple possible etiologies of a sudden loss of consciousness in athletes.
At autopsy, researchers have reported the presence of viral protein in the actual heart muscle of deceased patients—so viral involvement is possible, though the true etiology may be multifactorial.
Friendship is the trump card in the movement for equality, not etiology.
The distinction is based chiefly upon etiology, although each type presents a more or less distinctive blood-picture.A Manual of Clinical Diagnosis|James Campbell Todd
Certainly there is no reason in any definitely known etiology of the affections.
This is all the more surprising as the two affections are so different in their etiology.
This idea is very suggestive when considered in relation to the etiology of bothriocephalous anmia.Barium, A Cause of the Loco-Weed Disease|Albert Cornelius Crawford
This fact is of great importance in connexion both with problems of etiology and the practical question of operations on the eye.