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exasperate

[verb ig-zas-puh-reyt; adjective ig-zas-per-it]
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verb (used with object), ex·as·per·at·ed, ex·as·per·at·ing.
  1. to irritate or provoke to a high degree; annoy extremely: He was exasperated by the senseless delays.
  2. Archaic. to increase the intensity or violence of (disease, pain, feelings, etc.).
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adjective
  1. Botany. rough; covered with hard, projecting points, as a leaf.
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Origin of exasperate

1525–35; < Latin exasperātus (past participle of exasperāre to make rough, provoke), equivalent to ex- ex-1 + asper harsh, rough + -ātus -ate1
Related formsex·as·per·at·ed·ly, adverbex·as·per·at·er, nounex·as·per·at·ing·ly, adverbun·ex·as·per·at·ed, adjectiveun·ex·as·per·at·ing, adjective
Can be confusedexacerbate exasperate

Synonyms

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1. incense, anger, vex, inflame, infuriate. 2. exacerbate.

Synonym study

1. See irritate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for exasperated

exasperate

verb (tr)
  1. to cause great irritation or anger to; infuriate
  2. to cause (an unpleasant feeling, condition, etc) to worsen; aggravate
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adjective
  1. botany having a rough prickly surface because of the presence of hard projecting points
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Derived Formsexasperatedly, adverbexasperater, nounexasperating, adjectiveexasperatingly, adverbexasperation, noun

Word Origin

C16: from Latin exasperāre to make rough, from asper rough
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for exasperated

exasperate

v.

1530s, from Latin exasperatus, past participle of exasperare "roughen, irritate, provoke," from ex- "thoroughly" (see ex-) + asper "rough" (see asperity). Related: Exasperated; exasperating.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper