- the study of the way the sentences of a language are constructed; morphology and syntax.
- these features or constructions themselves: English grammar.
- an account of these features; a set of rules accounting for these constructions: a grammar of English.
- Generative Grammar. a device, as a body of rules, whose output is all of the sentences that are permissible in a given language, while excluding all those that are not permissible.
- prescriptive grammar.
- knowledge or usage of the preferred or prescribed forms in speaking or writing: She said his grammar was terrible.
- the elements of any science, art, or subject.
- a book treating such elements.
Origin of grammar
Examples from the Web for grammar
At his best, he was an inventor of part of the modern cinema's grammar.Alfred Hitchcock’s Fade to Black: The Great Director’s Final Days
December 13, 2014
Fear of offending the grammar police can even produce a novel type of error called a hypercorrection.Go Ahead, End With a Preposition: Grammar Rules We All Can Live With
November 3, 2014
When you approached T.I., London Grammar, and Fall Out Boy to do this, what was their initial response to it?
At one point did you think, “T.I., London Grammar, and Fall Out Boy together”?
What did those darned Muslims give us other than grammar and algebra?Deconstructing David Brat’s ‘Scholarship’
June 12, 2014
In grammar it is a pronoun of the first person and singular number.The Devil's Dictionary
The use of the pronoun, the disuse of the grammar pulled him up short.The Incomplete Amorist
"But it's sure to be him," chattered Simms, his teeth as crazy as his grammar.The Channings
Mrs. Henry Wood
Such may lie even in the region of grammar, or in the mere arrangement of a sentence.A Dish Of Orts
I do not care to dwell on my experience at the grammar school.Ranald Bannerman's Boyhood
- the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology, sometimes also phonology and semantics
- the abstract system of rules in terms of which a person's mastery of his native language can be explained
- a systematic description of the grammatical facts of a language
- a book containing an account of the grammatical facts of a language or recommendations as to rules for the proper use of a language
- the use of language with regard to its correctness or social propriety, esp in syntaxthe teacher told him to watch his grammar
- (as modifier)a grammar book
- the elementary principles of a science or artthe grammar of drawing
Word Origin and History for grammar
early 14c., gramarye (late 12c. in surnames), from Old French gramaire "learning," especially Latin and philology, "grammar, (magic) incantation, spells, mumbo-jumbo," "irregular semi-popular adoption" [OED] of Latin grammatica, from Greek grammatike tekhne "art of letters," with a sense of both philology and literature in the broadest sense, fem. adjective from gramma "letter," from stem of graphein "to draw or write" (see -graphy). An Old English word for it was stæfcræft.
Form grammar is from late 14c. Restriction to "rules of language" is a post-classical development, but as this type of study was until 16c. limited to Latin, Middle English gramarye also came to mean "learning in general, knowledge peculiar to the learned classes" (early 14c.), which included astrology and magic; hence the secondary meaning of "occult knowledge" (late 15c.), which evolved in Scottish into glamor (q.v.).
A grammar school (late 14c.) originally was "a school in which the learned languages are grammatically taught" [Johnson, who also has grammaticaster "a mean verbal pedant"]. In U.S. (1842) the term was put to use in the graded system for "a school between primary and secondary where English grammar is taught."
The rules for standard use of words. A grammar is also a system for classifying and analyzing the elements of language.