- Also called period of rotation.the time in which a body rotates once on its axis.
- Also called period of revolution.the time in which a planet or satellite revolves once about its primary.
Origin of period
Synonyms for period
- a portion of time specified in some waythe Arthurian period; Picasso's blue period
- (as modifier)period costume
- the time taken to complete one cycle of a regularly recurring phenomenon; the reciprocal of frequencySymbol: T
- an interval in which the values of a periodic function follow a certain pattern that is duplicated over successive intervalssin x = sin ( x + 2π ), where 2π is the period
- the time required by a body to make one complete rotation on its axis
- the time interval between two successive maxima or minima of light variation of a variable star
Word Origin for period
early 15c., "course or extent of time," from Middle French periode (14c.) and directly from Medieval Latin periodus "recurring portion, cycle," from Latin periodus "a complete sentence," also "cycle of the Greek games," from Greek periodos "cycle, circuit, period of time," literally "a going around," from peri- "around" (see peri-) + hodos "a going, way, journey" (see cede).
Sense of "repeated cycle of events" led to that of "interval of time." Meaning "dot marking end of a sentence" first recorded c.1600, from similar use in Medieval Latin (in late 16c. English it meant "full pause at the end of a sentence"). Sense of "menstruation" dates from 1822. Educational sense of "portion of time set apart for a lesson" is from 1876. Sporting sense attested from 1898. As an adjective from 1905; period piece attested from 1911.