pile

1
[pahyl]
See more synonyms for pile on Thesaurus.com
noun
  1. an assemblage of things laid or lying one upon the other: a pile of papers; a pile of bricks.
  2. Informal. a large number, quantity, or amount of anything: a pile of work.
  3. a heap of wood on which a dead body, a living person, or a sacrifice is burned; pyre.
  4. a lofty or large building or group of buildings: the noble pile of Windsor Castle.
  5. Informal. a large accumulation of money: They made a pile on Wall Street.
  6. a bundle of pieces of iron ready to be welded and drawn out into bars; fagot.
  7. reactor(def 4).
  8. Electricity. voltaic pile.
verb (used with object), piled, pil·ing.
  1. to lay or dispose in a pile (often followed by up): to pile up the fallen autumn leaves.
  2. to accumulate or store (often followed by up): to pile up money; squirrels piling up nuts against the winter.
  3. to cover or load with a pile: He piled the wagon with hay.
verb (used without object), piled, pil·ing.
  1. to accumulate, as money, debts, evidence, etc. (usually followed by up).
  2. Informal. to move as a group in a more or less confused, disorderly cluster: to pile off a train.
  3. to gather, accumulate, or rise in a pile or piles (often followed by up): The snow is piling up on the roofs.

Origin of pile

1
1350–1400; Middle English < Middle French < Latin pīla pillar, mole of stone

Synonyms for pile

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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


British Dictionary definitions for pile up

pile up

verb (adverb)
  1. to gather or be gathered in a pile; accumulate
  2. informal to crash or cause to crash
noun pile-up
  1. informal a multiple collision of vehicles

pile

1
noun
  1. a collection of objects laid on top of one another or of other material stacked vertically; heap; mound
  2. informal a large amount of money (esp in the phrase make a pile)
  3. (often plural) informal a large amounta pile of work
  4. a less common word for pyre
  5. a large building or group of buildings
  6. short for voltaic pile
  7. physics a structure of uranium and a moderator used for producing atomic energy; nuclear reactor
  8. metallurgy an arrangement of wrought-iron bars that are to be heated and worked into a single bar
  9. the point of an arrow
verb
  1. (often foll by up) to collect or be collected into or as if into a pilesnow piled up in the drive
  2. (intr; foll by in, into, off, out, etc) to move in a group, esp in a hurried or disorganized mannerto pile off the bus
  3. pile arms to prop a number of rifles together, muzzles together and upwards, butts forming the base
  4. pile it on informal to exaggerate
See also pile up

Word Origin for pile

C15: via Old French from Latin pīla stone pier

pile

2
noun
  1. a long column of timber, concrete, or steel that is driven into the ground to provide a foundation for a vertical load (a bearing pile) or a group of such columns to resist a horizontal load from earth or water pressure (a sheet pile)
  2. heraldry an ordinary shaped like a wedge, usually displayed point-downwards
verb (tr)
  1. to drive (piles) into the ground
  2. to provide or support (a structure) with piles

Word Origin for pile

Old English pīl, from Latin pīlum

pile

3
noun
  1. textiles
    1. the yarns in a fabric that stand up or out from the weave, as in carpeting, velvet, flannel, etc
    2. one of these yarns
  2. soft fine hair, fur, wool, etc

Word Origin for pile

C15: from Anglo-Norman pyle, from Latin pilus hair
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for pile up

pile

n.1

"mass, heap," early 15c., originally "pillar, pier of a bridge," from Middle French pile and directly from Latin pila "stone barrier, pillar, pier" (see pillar). Sense development in Latin from "pier, harbor wall of stones," to "something heaped up." In English, sense of "heap of things" is attested from mid-15c. (the verb in this sense is recorded from mid-14c.). The meaning "large building" (late 14c.) is probably the same word.

pile

n.2

"heavy pointed beam," from Old English pil "stake," also "arrow," from Latin pilum heavy javelin of the Roman foot soldier, literally "pestle" (source of Old Norse pila, Old High German pfil, German Pfeil "arrow"), of uncertain origin.

pile

n.3

"soft, raised surface upon cloth," mid-14c., "downy plumage," from Anglo-French pyle or Middle Dutch pijl, both from Latin pilus "a hair" (source of Italian pelo, Old French pel). Phonological evidence rules out transmission of the English word via Old French cognate peil, poil. Meaning "nap upon cloth" is from 1560s.

pile

v.

"to heap up," mid-14c.; see pile (n.1). Related: Piled; piling. Figurative verbal expression pile on "attack vigorously, attack en masse," is from 1894, American English.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

pile up in Medicine

pile

[pīl]
n.
  1. A hemorrhoid.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Idioms and Phrases with pile up

pile up

1

Accumulate, as in The leaves piled up in the yard, or He piled up a huge fortune. In this idiom pile means “form a heap or mass of something.” [Mid-1800s]

2

Be involved in a crash, as in When the police arrived, at least four cars had piled up. [Late 1800s]

pile

In addition to the idioms beginning with pile

  • pile into
  • pile up

also see:

  • make a bundle (pile)
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.