• synonyms


[ ploo-tok-ruh-see ]
/ pluˈtɒk rə si /

noun, plural plu·toc·ra·cies.

the rule or power of wealth or of the wealthy.
a government or state in which the wealthy class rules.
a class or group ruling, or exercising power or influence, by virtue of its wealth.

Nearby words

plutarchian, plutarchy, pluteus, plutino, pluto, plutocracy, plutocrat, plutocratic, plutogogue, plutolatry, plutomania

Origin of plutocracy

1645–55; < Greek ploutokratía, equivalent to ploûto(s) wealth + -kratia -cracy Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for plutocracy

British Dictionary definitions for plutocracy


/ (pluːˈtɒkrəsɪ) /

noun plural -cies

the rule or control of society by the wealthy
a state or government characterized by the rule of the wealthy
a class that exercises power by virtue of its wealth
Derived Formsplutocratic (ˌpluːtəˈkrætɪk) or plutocratical, adjectiveplutocratically, adverb

Word Origin for plutocracy

C17: from Greek ploutokratia government by the rich, from ploutos wealth + -kratia rule, power
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for plutocracy



1650s, from Greek ploutokratia "rule or power of the wealthy or of wealth," from ploutos "wealth" (see Pluto) + -kratia "rule" (see -cracy). Synonym plutarchy is slightly older (1640s). Pluto-democracy "plutocracy masquerading as democracy" is from 1895.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Culture definitions for plutocracy


[ (plooh-tok-ruh-see) ]

Government by the rich. The term is usually one of reproach.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.